Politics, Philosophy & Social Sciences Psychology Textbooks Books

Outsmart Your Brain: Identify and Control Unconscious Judgments, Protect Yourself From Exploitation, and Make Better Decisions The Psychology of Bias, ... Irrationality (Mental Discipline Book 4)

What motivates us into doing or avoiding things? Why do our predictions not reflect reality? Traditional economics claims humans are rational actors. But is this true? Think about the last time you bought something expensive; was that item really the best choice based on value and utility? We all fall prey to irrationality and biases and make decisions based on them. This contradicts the wisdom of traditional economics. Outsmart Your Brain challenges everyday wisdom with the help of psychology and economics, commonly known as behavioral economics. Here you’ll find counterintuitive answers to the motivations behind our actions. This book is for those who don’t fear reality, have inquisitive an nature, enjoy challenges, and like to understand the real motivations of human nature – who like to outsmart their brains. Why do smart people make irrational decisions so often?- Understand why people value some things more than others.- How to use incentives to actually achieve what you want. - Understand the role dopamine plays in your decision-making to be more vigilant about your snap judgments.- Get around your natural biases related to loss, ownership, and risk.This compilation of experiments and studies mixed with the author’s wit will shift your understanding of human behavior. By recognizing the biases mentioned in this book:- You can make better decisions – be it in business, personal life, or community.- Avoid the serious consequences that certain biases lead us into.- You’ll know how people think, so you can help others make choices that are the best for them.- Learn the difference between perceived and actual risks and use this knowledge to your advantage.

Making Moral Judgments: Psychological Perspectives on Morality, Ethics, and Decision-Making

This fascinating new book examines diversity in moral judgements, drawing on recent work in social, personality, and evolutionary psychology, reviewing the factors that influence the moral judgments people make.Why do reasonable people so often disagree when drawing distinctions between what is morally right and wrong? Even when individuals agree in their moral pronouncements, they may employ different standards, different comparative processes, or entirely disparate criteria in their judgments. Examining the sources of this variety, the author expertly explores morality using ethics position theory, alongside other theoretical perspectives in moral psychology, and shows how it can relate to contemporary social issues from abortion to premarital sex to human rights. Also featuring a chapter on applied contexts, using the theory of ethics positions to gain insights into the moral choices and actions of individuals, groups, and organizations in educational, research, political, medical, and business settings, the book offers answers that apply across individuals, communities, and cultures.Investigating the relationship between people’s personal moral philosophies and their ethical thoughts, emotions, and actions, this is fascinating reading for students and academics from psychology and philosophy and anyone interested in morality and ethics.

Confidence: Your Practical Training: How to Develop Healthy Self Esteem and Deep Self Confidence to Be Successful and Become True Friends with Yourself (Positive Psychology Coaching Series Book 10)

Have you ever considered how many opportunities you have missed and how many chances you have wasted by lacking self-confidence when you need it most?Have you ever given up on your plans, important goals, and dreams not because you just decided to focus on something else, but simply because you were too SCARED or hesitant to even start, or stick up to the plan and keep going?Are you afraid of starting your own business or asking for a promotion? Petrified of public speaking, socializing, dating, taking up new hobbies, or going to job interviews?Can you imagine how amazing and relieving it would feel to finally obtain all the self-esteem needed to accomplish things you've always wanted to achieve in your life?Finally, have you ever found yourself in a situation where you simply couldn’t understand WHY you acted in a certain way, or why you kept holding yourself back and feeling all the bad emotions, instead of just going for what’s the most important to you?Due to early social conditioning and many other influences, most people on this planet are already familiar with all these feelings.WAY TOO FAMILIAR!I know how it feels, too. I was in the same exact place.And then, I found the way!It's high time you did something about it too because, truth be told, self-confident people just have it way easier in every single aspect of life!From becoming your own boss or succeeding in your career, through dating and socializing, to starting new hobbies, standing up for yourself or maybe finally packing your suitcase and going on this Asia trip you promised yourself decades ago… All too often, people fail in these quests as they aren’t equipped with the natural and lasting self-confidence to deal with them in a proper way.Confidence is not useful only in everyday life and casual situations. Do you really want to fulfill your wildest dreams, or do you just want to keep chatting about them with your friends, until one day you wake up as a grumpy, old, frustrated person? Big achievements require brave and fearless actions. If you want to act bravely, you need to be confident.Along with lots of useful, practical exercises, this book will provide you with plenty of new information that will help you understand what confidence problems really come down to. And this is the most important and the saddest part, because most people do not truly recognize the root problem, and that’s why they get poor results.Lack of self-confidence and problems with unhealthy self-esteem are usually the reason why smart, competent, and talented people never achieve a satisfying life; a life that should easily be possible for them.In this book, you will read about:-How, when, and why society robs us all of natural confidence and healthy self-esteem.-What kind of social and psychological traps you need to avoid in order to feel much calmer, happier, and more confident.-What “natural confidence” means and how it becomes natural.-What “self-confidence” really is and what it definitely isn’t (as opposed to what most people think!).-How your mind hurts you when it really just wants to help you, and how to stop the process.-What different kinds of fear we feel, where they come from, and how to defeat them.-How to have a great relationship with yourself.-How to use stress to boost your inner strength.-Effective and ineffective ways of building healthy self-esteem.-Why the relation between self-acceptance and stress is so crucial.-How to stay confident in professional situations.-How to protect your self-esteem when life brings you down, and how to deal with criticism and jealousy.-How to use neuro-linguistic programming, imagination, visualizations, diary entries, and your five senses to re-program your subconscious and get rid of “mental viruses” and detrimental beliefs that actively destroy your natural confidence and healthy self-esteem.

The Psychology of Fake News: Accepting, Sharing, and Correcting Misinformation

This volume examines the phenomenon of fake news by bringing together leading experts from different fields within psychology and related areas, and explores what has become a prominent feature of public discourse since the first Brexit referendum and the 2016 US election campaign. Dealing with misinformation is important in many areas of daily life, including politics, the marketplace, health communication, journalism, education, and science. In a general climate where facts and misinformation blur, and are intentionally blurred, this book asks what determines whether people accept and share (mis)information, and what can be done to counter misinformation? All three of these aspects need to be understood in the context of online social networks, which have fundamentally changed the way information is produced, consumed, and transmitted. The contributions within this volume summarize the most up-to-date empirical findings, theories, and applications and discuss cutting-edge ideas and future directions of interventions to counter fake news.Also providing guidance on how to handle misinformation in an age of “alternative facts”, this is a fascinating and vital reading for students and academics in psychology, communication, and political science and for professionals including policy makers and journalists.  

Compositionality and Concepts in Linguistics and Psychology (Language, Cognition, and Mind Book 3)

By highlighting relations between experimental and theoretical work, this volume explores new ways of addressing one of the central challenges in the study of language and cognition. The articles bring together work by leading scholars and younger researchers in psychology, linguistics and philosophy. An introductory chapter lays out the background on concept composition, a problem that is stimulating much new research in cognitive science. Researchers in this interdisciplinary domain aim to explain how meanings of complex expressions are derived from simple lexical concepts and to show how these meanings connect to concept representations. Traditionally, much of the work on concept composition has been carried out within separate disciplines, where cognitive psychologists have concentrated on concept representations, and linguists and philosophers have focused on the meaning and use of logical operators. This volume demonstrates an important change in this situation, where convergence points between these three disciplines in cognitive science are emerging and are leading to new findings and theoretical insights.   This book is open access under a CC BY license.

What is Psychology? (An Introductory)

Perfect for students, anyone interested in psychology and psychology for beginners. BOOK CONTAINS LINK FOR FREE BOOK! What is psychology? What areas of human behaviour does psychology cover? What approaches are there to human behaviour? If the answer is yes to any of those questions and more, then this is the book for you! As you will learn about what psychology is, the five approaches to human behaviour and you’ll have an introduction to nine subfields of psychology. By the end of this book, you will have a great introduction to psychology because you’ll be able to explain what psychology involves and you’ll have the knowledge of the other subareas of psychology to look at your favourite topic in more depth. If you like this book, then you will love my other books. Like: Sociocultural Psychology 2nd Psychology and Abnormal Psychology. What is Psychology? Content: IntroductionChapter 1: What is Psychology? Chapter 2: Approaches to PsychologyChapter 3: Biological PsychologyChapter 4: Cognitive PsychologyChapter 5: Sociocultural PsychologyChapter 6: Abnormal PsychologyChapter 7: Psychology of Human RelationshipsChapter 8: Health PsychologyChapter 9: Developmental PsychologyChapter 10: Research in Psychologychapter 11: Forensic Psychology

daily quotes book : Inspiring words success of legend's life positive thinking and great words

★ this book is without getting tired of yourself in life.because, there is the words of the achivers..★ world famous motivatonal words is inside of book..★ you read the book more inspiring that words..★ in this book all collection of best motivational quotes  is  subdued.

The Challenge of Chance: A Multidisciplinary Approach from Science and the Humanities (The Frontiers Collection)

This book presents a multidisciplinary perspective on chance, with contributions from distinguished researchers in the areas of biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, genetics, general history, law, linguistics, logic, mathematical physics, statistics, theology and philosophy. The individual chapters are bound together by a general introduction followed by an opening chapter that surveys 2500 years of linguistic, philosophical, and scientific reflections on chance, coincidence, fortune, randomness, luck and related concepts. A main conclusion that can be drawn is that, even after all this time, we still cannot be sure whether chance is a truly fundamental and irreducible phenomenon, in that certain events are simply uncaused and could have been otherwise, or whether it is always simply a reflection of our ignorance. Other challenges that emerge from this book include a better understanding of the contextuality and perspectival character of chance (including its scale-dependence), and the curious fact that, throughout history (including contemporary science), chance has been used both as an explanation and as a hallmark of the absence of explanation. As such, this book challenges the reader to think about chance in a new way and to come to grips with this endlessly fascinating phenomenon.