History Books

Persian Empire: A History from Beginning to End

Discover the remarkable history of the Persian Empire...Free BONUS Inside!The history of the Persian Empire (or Empires) stretches from ancient times well into the twentieth century. Through biblical events, to the dawn and spread of Islam, to the revolutions of the twentieth century, Persia—or Iran—has played an integral role in nearly all major events of world history. Uncover the fascinating story of this influential and unique civilization.Discover a plethora of topics such as The Ancient Persian Empires The Arab Conquest and the Rise of Islam The Golden Age of the Persian Empire Art, Religion, and Culture The Turbulent Years of the Eighteenth Century Revolutions and Upheaval: The End of the Persian Empire And much more!So if you want a concise and informative book on the Persian Empire, simply scroll up and click the "Buy now" button for instant access!

The History of London

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Wellington the Beau: The life and loves of the Duke of Wellington

Most people are familiar with the image of the ‘Iron Duke’ – the great soldier and conqueror of Napoleon at Waterloo. Few know that the Duke of Wellington was a great lover and, throughout his long and distinguished life, pursued the opposite sex with passion and vigour…Wellington the Beau is a wonderfully entertaining and gossipy account of Wellington’s relationships with over twenty women. With brand new material, this biography casts a new light on this extraordinary man. Many of the anecdotes come from contemporary diaries and letters and vividly recreate the atmosphere of the time.His unassuming Irish wife, Kitty, could not compete with the most brilliant courtesans of the age – such as Harriette Wilson – nor with the beautiful Italian singer La Grassini. In later life the Duke was seen to be ‘ill with love’ of the gorgeous American heiress, Mary Anne Patterson. Because Wellington would not divorce his wife – wishing to avoid a scandal – Mary Anne turned to his disreputable elder brother and married him instead, leaving the Iron Duke broken-hearted.Other relationships were with some of the greatest female intellects of that era: Madame de Staël, Harriet Arbuthnot and Princess Lieven, the notorious Russian spy. Often the subject of controversy and blackmail, due to these ever-changing liaisons, the Duke proved oblivious and was never happier than in the company of the women he admired and loved.Patrick Delaforce was educated at Winchester and served as a Troop Commander from Normandy to the Baltic in the Second World War. He then became a Port Wine shipper in Portugal, managed an advertising agency in New York before becoming a wine grower in France. He then lived in England as a full-time author and wrote fourteen books of travel, history, biography and wine. Patrick died in 2018, aged 94.

Egyptian Mythology: A Concise Guide to the Ancient Gods and Beliefs of Egyptian Mythology (Greek Mythology - Norse Mythology - Egyptian Mythology - Celtic Mythology Book 3)

Egyptian Mythology* * *Download for FREE on Kindle Unlimited + Free BONUS Inside!* * *Read On Your Computer, MAC, Smartphone, Kindle Reader, iPad, or Tablet. In this brief introduction to the subject of Egyptian Mythology the author has given a lot of thought to the context of the subject. This makes it an easy read. There is a useful Historical Timeline which allows the reader to follow the complexities of Egyptian history and locate the mythology within the development of the country. Inside you will read about...✓ A Timeline for Ancient Egypt✓ Historical Egypt✓ The Myth Of Creation✓ The Pantheon Of Gods✓ Mythology In Day To Day Ancient Egypt✓ The Central Role Of The Temple And Some Temple Rituals✓ Sources Of The History Of Egyptian Mythology✓ The Underworld And Life After Death✓ Pyramids And Their LocationsThe book includes the myths of the creation in some detail and introduces the top Deities in a Pantheon of over two thousand God and Goddesses. The presence and importance of the Nile is discussed and details of daily life, including the rituals followed in the temples, essentially the backbone of the economy, are well covered.

Greek Mythology: Captivating Stories of the Ancient Olympians and Titans (Heroes and Gods, Ancient Myths)

Captivating Stories of the Ancient Olympians and TitansDid you know that Zeus loved many women, both goddesses and mortals?Did you know that he turned himself into golden rain for one damsel who was locked away in a tower, and turned himself into a swan for another beauty?Did you know that he kidnapped one young princess which led to her brother founding the city of Thebes?And did you know that, to protect his own power, Zeus swallowed his first wife, just as Cronus had swallowed his own children in a previous age?Greek myth is full of fascinating tales of Titans and Olympian gods. Some of it makes us wonder if there might be some hint of truth behind those stories, no matter how outrageous they may sound. What parts of those stories were merely symbolic and what parts were literal?This book contains a brief, but unconventional look at the Titans and Olympian gods of Greek mythology. Brief, because a thorough treatment of these legendary super beings could take thousands of pages. Unconventional, because digging for truth is far more interesting than reciting old stories which have little relevance to us today. Attempting to reveal some semblance of truth brings the stories to life. It gives them relevance to our modern world. Here, we will look at many of the more fascinating stories which kept the Greek mortals entertained for hundreds of years. After all, they didn’t have iPhones and computer tablets.Within this book's pages, you'll find the answers to these questions and more. Just some of the questions and topics covered includeThe Nature of MythPrimordial Beings and TitansCreation of the UniverseBirth of the TitansStories of a Primordial UniverseChildren of Cronus and RheaTrouble in HeavenTitans vs. GodsNew Pecking OrderPrometheus and the HumansZeus and His LadiesMore Fun from OlympusMetis and AthenaCecrops and DragonsScroll to the top and select the "BUY" button for instant download

Titanic: The Story Of The Unsinkable Ship

★ Titanic ★It has been more than one hundred years since the RMS Titanic sank to the bottom of the North Atlantic ocean. The disaster has captivated history buffs and non-history buffs alike, and it is easy to see why. Some of the most illustrious people of the day were on board: some survived, and some did not. Legends abound about whether the ship’s maiden voyage was cursed. And then there is the ship itself: arguably the most luxurious vessel to ever travel oversea. Inside you will read about...✓ Conceiving of and Building the Titanic✓ The Ship of Dreams✓ Setting Sail✓ The Passengers✓ The Iceberg and the Sinking✓ The Aftermath✓ The Titanic Remembered and Re-DiscoveredThe disaster holds secrets and stories of love and bravery, cowardice and greed. Explore these and other themes that surround the sinking of the grand ship, Titanic.

Vikings: A Concise History of the Vikings

VikingsThe saga of the Vikings rises and falls on the banks of history, ebbing and flowing with popular opinion and whimsical anecdotes. The Vikings are routinely typecast and labeled anywhere from bloodthirsty tyrants to valiant heroes. They have been condemned as pirates and praised as explorers. We have all heard the stories of the fierce warriors with long ships and horned helmets storming onto the shores of medieval Europe; but who were these men really? Inside your will read about...✓ From the Fury of the Northmen✓ Retaliation, Royal Ambition, and Bribery✓ The Viking Age of Exploration and Expansion✓ Tidings from the East✓ The End of the Viking Age✓ The Vikings Come to Christ✓ The Second Viking InvasionThis book helps to unravel the mystery. Helping to finally shed the light on why the Vikings abruptly descended onto the world stage in such dramatic fashion, this book begins to explore the motives of the Viking exodus like no other and takes an in depth evaluation of all the geographical, political, economic and religious underpinnings that led the Viking Age.

Egyptian Mythology: A Fascinating Guide to Understanding the Gods, Goddesses, Monsters, and Mortals (Greek Mythology - Norse Mythology - Egyptian Mythology Book 3)

Enjoy Captivating Stories of the Gods, Goddesses, Monsters, and MortalsFrom what we know of history, Egypt, along with Sumer, were the foundations of civilization. The Fertile Crescent, which stretched from the Nile Valley to the twin rivers in Mesopotamia, gave us our earliest glimpse of organized man. But organized how? For one, both locations gave us writing—hieroglyphics in Egypt and cuneiform in Sumer. There is still some debate about who was first.In this book, we will start by looking at the gods and goddesses of Kemet—Ancient Egypt. Then, we will turn our attention to the monsters which likely gave them nightmares and humbled them in their quest to bring order to the world around them.Finally, we will look at the mortals which shaped their civilization and made Egypt the bedrock of our own history. Though Egypt today is only a third-world nation, struggling with terrorism and poverty, their heritage remains vital to the understanding of who we are as a species.Just some of the topics covered in this book includeOsiris, Isis, Seth, and HorusThe Sun and CreationGods and HumansApep: Great Snake of ChaosSett: God of Desert, Storms, War, Evil, and ChaosImhotep, the 27th Century BC PolymathAkhenaten, the King Who Upended TraditionRamesses the GreatCleopatra, End of an EpochAnd Much MoreDownload the book now and learn more about Egyptian Mythology

The Crusades: A History From Beginning to End

The CrusadesMuch has been written and much has been omitted when it comes to the Crusades; especially in modern parlance. Many talking heads in recent times have conjured up the specter of the Crusades as if it should be a source of great shame and disgust for Western Civilization. And with even President Obama drawing odd parallels in light of the beheadings of ISIS; many are wondering once again what all of this “Crusades talk” is all about. Inside you will read about...✓ Backing Up Byzantium✓ All Out Holy War✓ The Kingdom of Heaven✓ The King’s Crusade✓ The Self-Defeating Crusade✓ The Final Crusades✓ The Post-Crusade WorldThe Crusades took place over a thousand years ago, and yet we currently live in a modern day world of unspeakable terror. Islamic extremists are disrupting the entire planet, murdering, raping and enslaving everyone they encounter. Committing brutalities on a scale that rivals some of the worst abuses of the dark ages and yet people still point to the Crusades as if it is supposed to mean something. Ok, that’s fine. If detractors wish to point their finger and call out history, let’s find the truth, and let’s find out what really happened.

Roman Britain: A History From Beginning to End

Roman BritainThis book takes a holistic look at Roman Britain, from the events leading up to its official inception in AD 43 until the Romans left the Isle entirely around AD 409. The timeline is straightforward, and each chapter delves into some aspect of Romano-British life: dealing with the concept of 'the Celts'; when Britannia actually became 'Roman'; how the two peoples attempted to blend their culture through religion; and lastly, why the Romans had to leave. Inside you will read about...✓ The Timeline✓ Ancient Celtic Ethnicity, A Modern Invention✓ The Beginnings Of Roman Britain✓ Religion And Blending Culture In Roman Britain✓ The Bitter EndIt can be difficult to explain everything from a neutral, unbiased perspective as most of the records from the time are Roman in nature, but drawing on a variety of perspectives from archaeologists and historians alike has made for a thought-provoking assessment of the era. Rome's power bestowed cities like London and York to Britannia, and their lasting influence is still visible today in places like Bath, and at Hadrian's Wall to the north. Roman Britain lingers on still.

The Renaissance: A History from Beginning to End

☆ The Renaissance ☆During the Middle Ages, the nations of Europe forged new identities that moved them away from the lost glory of the Roman Empire into their own ethnicity. The experience of maturation was often clumsy and out of step, an evolutionary process that saw the nation's developing at their own pace as they struggled to replace the protection of Rome with their own home-grown strength. What the nations, once they were ready to be described in that manner, did have was the Roman Catholic Church, which defined itself as the spiritual protector of Christian believers. But the dutiful Christians of the Middle Ages who sought orthodoxy and for the most part obeyed the papal rules underwent a change when the Middle Ages ended. The Renaissance, or rebirth, was a period of time when Europeans began to question what they had been told was sacrosanct. Through art, inventions, science, literature, and theology, the separate nations of the European continent sought answers that the Roman Catholic Church was unwilling, or perhaps unable, to offer. Inside you will read about...✓ The Rebirth of Europe✓ The Italian Renaissance✓ The French Renaissance✓ The Spanish Renaissance✓ The German Renaissance✓ The Low Countries Renaissance✓ The English Renaissance✓ Here Be Dragons: Exploring the UnknownThe Church that had become a powerful political entity was viewed with distrust and skepticism by many Christians; the spread of learning that accompanied the invention of Gutenberg’s printing press meant that bold new ideas were traveling across the boundaries of Europe faster than the Church could silence them. Lascivious, power-brokering popes could not bring a halt to the challenges they encountered when a German priest rebelled against corrupt practices that masqueraded as ecclesiastical authority. As the walls came tumbling down, humanism burst forth, inspiring the art of Michelangelo, the science of Vesalius, the literature of Shakespeare and Cervantes. But with the loss of religious uniformity came terrible conflicts: France suffered the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre; Spain welcomed the Inquisition to purge heresy; the Low Countries were split between Catholic and Protestant. The Renaissance was a triumph of the human spirit and a confirmation of human ability, even as it affirmed the willingness of men and women to die for the right to think freely.

Boer Wars: A History From Beginning to End

Boer WarsAs General Patton once said, “The Boers? Those sons of bitches fight for the hell of it."The reputation of the Boer is not entirely unearned. At a time when South Africa was a place inhabited by the toughest of men, only those who lived in the saddle with a gun in their hands could possibly survive.Inside you will read about...✓ The Creation of the Boer✓ Growing Tensions✓ Colley Steps In✓ The End of the First War✓ The Jameson Raid✓ Stage One: The Boer Offensive✓ Stage Two: The Empire Strikes Back✓ Stage Three: Scorched Earth✓ The End of the BoerWho were the Boers, and what was the conflict that would lead them into a fight to the death with England in the First and Second Anglo-Boer wars? Was this a colonial uprising? Or a freedom-fight gone horribly wrong?

Sumerians: A History From Beginning to End

The SumeriansA legendary civilization vanished under the Fertile Crescent and escaped a fate worse than death until Sumerologists questioned widely accepted truths. The Sumerians reemerged onto the extraordinary timeline of human history. Their tales of kings and gods, including the Epic of Gilgamesh, and their fearless trade in distant lands, during the remarkable Bronze Age, centered in the world’s first city-states that chronicled ancient rivalries and their enduring impact.Inside you will read about...✓ How We Know What We Know About Sumerians✓ The Bronze Age – Sumer And Its Contemporaries✓ How Did The Sumerians Become Civilized?✓ How Long Were They Around✓ Primer Of Impact Of Sumerian Ancient Civilization On Our World✓ What Did They Look Like?✓ What Shaped Their Worldview?And much more!Our journey relies on excavated and historical evidence to explore their productive fascinations with order and man’s place in the universe. Their application of impressive knowledge helps us unfold their mysterious civilization.

The History of Britain in 50 Events (Timeline History in 50 Events Book 1)

This book provides an easy to understand overview of British History in 50 Events.Inside you will learn about…- The Foundation of London- The Great Viking Invasion- The Battle of Hastings- The Black Death- The Battle of Waterloo- The Last Public HangingAnd much more!

Mayflower: A History From Beginning to End

The story of the Mayflower is one of adventure, courage, and destiny. The Mayflower was the ship that launched a nation. She left from England in September of 1620, carrying 102 English Separatists to a new life, one that came with the freedom to practice their religious beliefs as they saw fit. These Pilgrims had the courage of their convictions. They had already potentially faced execution for practicing their beliefs and now they were willing to uproot their lives, their families, and their homes, to sign contracts of indentured servitude for them and their children - all to find what they called freedom in a foreign land. Inside you will read about...✓ How Religious Upheaval Shaped American Colonization✓ The Ship that Launched a Nation’s Future✓ The Contract and the Crossing✓ Arrival in America✓ Early Life in the Colonies✓ Pilgrims and Puritans✓ The Ideology that Shaped a NationTheir journey was one of courage and destiny as they forged ahead, crossing an ocean to settle in a harsh environment. They faced storms and dangerous adversaries to get to the New World. There, they built a life based on the values they held sacred, and those values would form the foundation of a new nation almost a century later. This eBook tells the story of their adventure in a concise yet thorough manner that is packed with historical detail and enjoyable to read.

Egyptian Gods: Discover the Ancient Gods of Egyptian Mythology

△Egyptian Mythology△The gods of Ancient Egypt conjure up images of hieroglyphs with animal-headed people, fantastic civilizations, and a past that seems both unimaginably distant and still tenuously connected to the present day. Although the names Ra, Anubis, and Isis still linger today in modern fiction, the truth about these gods reveals the ancient Egyptians themselves. Inside you will read about...✓ Osiris ✓ Anubis✓ Isis✓ Ra✓ Maat✓ Hathor✓ Wadjet✓ NefertumAnd many more!A look at the principal gods of Ancient Egypt gives insight into the culture of world's first great civilization. Even today, their moments, their obelisks, and their pyramids endure and remind us that people can leave lasting marks on the world that humble and inspire us all.

The Viking Age (Vol. 1&2): The Early History and Customs of the Ancestors of the English-Speaking Nations

The Viking Age in two volumes as a broad study of the early history, manners, and customs of the ancestors of the English-speaking nations. He labored for eight and a half years and carefully read hundreds of Sagas that describe the life of the people who inhabited the Scandinavian Peninsula from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages (including literary remains). This scholarly work demonstrates what is now generally recognized, the importance of the Norse, including Norway, Sweden, and Denmark to the cultural dimension and transformation of British Isles during the fifth to eleventh centuries

Aztec Civilization: A History From Beginning to End

Aztec HistoryThe Aztec Empire did not recoil from the face of an impending doom, they struggled faithfully. Destined to emerge from their humble beginnings, it grew into a highly-complex devoted civilization refusing to live at the mercy of more neighboring powerful rulers. Their powerful pocheca combed the valley for luxury items while markets dotted their lands. Inside you will find...✓ Introduction✓ How the Aztecs Are Portrayed and How Their History Survives✓ Defining Moments and their Search to Expand and Save the World✓ Their Philosophy: its Impact on Social Life and How it Served the Kings✓ ConclusionIsolated from the Old World until the devastating Spanish conquest, the Aztec mācēhualtin (commoners) and nobles enhanced their positions while kings and relentless warriors dealt with the political realities of powerful dynasties and rivaling kingdoms. They developed a philosophy, an order and a society built on loyalty, stoic honor and sacrifice as they embraced the temporary nature of things. Investigate the era of the Fifth Sun and what defined the Aztecs and their relationship with the divine.

Winston Churchill: A Captivating Guide to the Life of Winston S. Churchill (Captivating History)

Explore How Churchill Went From Schoolboy Failure to Wartime HeroFree History BONUS Inside!As a British politician who was well known for serving twice as prime minister for the United Kingdom and as an infamous war organizer, leader Winston S. Churchill filled his long life with achievements and recognition plotted throughout every modern history book. Most famously, he led Great Britain into victory over Nazi Germany during World War II in his first run as prime minister and played an essential role in negotiating peace once the war reached an unsteady end. Commonly, his name is associated as one of the “Big Three” alongside United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin. In unity, the three men helped lead the world to a resolution from the violence and terror that reigned in World War II. Winston S. Churchill was more than a military and government leader, though. He lived an entire life full of accomplishments that defined him as a singular person, rather than a government and military leader. In 1953, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature for his “mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values.” Although he maintained a somewhat monotone voice over the radio, Churchill excelled in speaking to live crowds as he imparted encouraging words and recounted tales of his life adventures. On top of these accomplishments as a writer and a trailblazer, Churchill is famous for his endless reserves of energy and his need for little sleep, which allowed him to pursue many projects and hobbies outside of his governmental duties. Among many other possible descriptions, Winton Churchill categorizes as a father, a husband, a painter, a war hero, a politician, a soldier, a smoker, a gambler, and a philosopher.Some of the topics covered in this book include:Churchill’s Personal LifeHis Mental HealthChildhood and Early EducationMilitary ServiceEarly Political Career and World War IThe Wilderness Years and RearmamentWorld War IIPost-World War II and Second TermThe United States and the Soviet UnionAnd much more!Any general biography of Winston S. Churchill will provide an overview of his greatest achievements, but Churchill had other goals and desires that are often ignored and forgotten. What were they? Churchill had a family—a childhood and children of his own—and a political career that began at a young age. He spoke with and entertained some of the biggest names in the world, within both the political and social realms. How did he interact with Franklin D. Roosevelt? With Mahatma Gandhi? Beneath the accolades and accomplishments lies one important question: Who was Winston S. Churchill out of the spotlight? What were his struggles and personal goals? Was he an average man in some ways? The following book is an outline of Winston S. Churchill’s life that not only gives a brief overview of his best-known feats but also provides a glimpse into who he was as a person. Scroll to the top and select the "BUY NOW" button for instant download

Mayan Civilization: A History From Beginning to End

Mayan HistoryMaking sense of our universe...It's an age-old practice that transcends cultures and generations. From our vantage point, the larger than life Maya civilization grappled with the urge in a grand scale. Join us as we take a voyage to understand the ways of the Maya. Inside you will read about...✓ Who Made Contact? Early Explorers and their Impact✓ How the Maya Wanted to Be Represented - History Written by the Victors✓ Different Periods of Maya History✓ Larger Than Life✓ New FindingsWe'll learn what they held as sacred, how the sacred manifested itself in their lives, and about efforts to accurately portray them, despite romanticized versions. This eBook provides a deeper look at their pre-Columbian battling dynasties and their highly-structured approach to religion, science and society, as we explore their glories and misfortunes.

Between Psychology and Philosophy: East-West Themes and Beyond (Palgrave Studies in Comparative East-West Philosophy)

This open access book discusses a variety of important but unprecedented ways in which psychology can be useful to philosophy. The early chapters illustrate this theme via comparisons between Chinese and Western philosophy. It is argued that the Chinese notion of a heart-mind is superior to the Western concept of mind, but then, more even-handedly, the relative strengths and weaknesses of Chinese and Western thought overall are critically examined. In later chapters, the philosophical uses of psychology are treated more specifically in relation to major issues in Western philosophy. Michael Slote shows that empathy and emotion play a role in speech acts (like assertion and thanking) that speech act theory has totally ignored. Similarly, he treats the age-old question of whether justice pays using psychological material that has not previously been recognized. Finally, the implications of psychological egoism are discussed in terms of some new psychological and, indeed, human distinctions. Human life is pervaded by instincts and aspirations that are neither egoistic nor altruistic, and recognizing that fact can help put egoism in its place. It is less of a challenge to morality than we have realized.

Ten Days That Shook the World

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Travels in England in 1782

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

American History in 50 Events: (Battle of Yorktown, Spanish American War, Roaring Twenties, Railroad History, George Washington, Gilded Age) (History by Country Timeline Book 1)

☆ American History in 50 Events ☆Have you ever wondered why America is the way it is? Do you want to understand the events that have shaped American culture? Are you interested in seeing the long-term historical connections that explain how America moved from a group of colonies to the most powerful nation in history? If so, this book is for you. In simple, straightforward language, this book will take you on a brief journey through the highlights of American history. Filled with interesting facts and historical context, this book is a must-read for those who are passionate about history or are simply interested in better understanding the history of the United States. Inside you will read about...✓ Columbus’ famous first journey✓ Founding of Plymouth Colony✓ Boston Tea Party✓ Battles of Lexington and Concord✓ War of 1812✓ Spanish American War✓ The Roaring Twenties✓ The Moon landing✓ 9/11 Terrorist AttacksAnd much more!Broken down into a series of fifty easy-to-read selections, this book will take you from Pre-Columbian settlement up to current events of today.

Egyptian Gods: A Brief Guide to Ancient Egyptian Deities (Easy History)

Dive into the Ancient Civilization and their Gods: Reveal the Secrets of the Egyptian Civilization Going Back 5000 Years B.C. & Learn the Myths That Created their CultureWould you like to:Dive into the mystical legends of the Egyptian gods?Understand better the culture of Egypt?Go as far back as 5000 years B.C.?Then this book will be your north star guide into a new world. Travel back in time and relive the Egyptian world as it was while learning the history of a long-forgotten time.Starting from the very beginnings – by exploring Egypt’s architecture, religion, art, and culture in the past – to detailed descriptions of the major gods and goddesses, this book will make you fall in love with Egypt and its rich history all over again.Examining the evolution of the Egyptian culture we can even better understand how the world evolved to the current state. How civilization, religion, economics, and culture developed. In this book, the accent is set on the Egyptian gods, and by purchasing it you will:Unlock the secrets of an ancient civilization and its mythological history, gods, and culture Understand why the Egyptian gods and goddesses became so fascinating to society and how they developed the ancient cultureTake a peek in the world of many influential Egyptian gods and goddesses and enjoy the rich and vast cultural heritageAnd much more!If you’ve been fascinated by Egyptian history this book will make you fall in love and stay glued to the pages. Taking you on a ride through an ancient civilization way before our time.Dive now into this time capsule with the book Egyptian gods: A Brief Guide to Ancient Egyptian DeitiesScroll up, click on “Buy Now with 1-click”, and Get Your Copy Now!

The History of Russia in 50 Events: (Russian History - Napoleon In Russia - The Crimean War - Russia In World War - The Cold War) (Timeline History in 50 Events Book 3)

Russia is an assortment of the world’s most beautiful cultures and religions. But how did Russia become home to such a diverse population and tradition that is redolent of so many parts of the world? How much does Russia owe to its spellbinding steppe in respect to its unparalleled history? This book uncovers the mystery behind this and the many other little known facts about Russia. Inside you will learn about...✓ The Invasion of the Mongols✓ The Three False Dmitrys✓ Napoleons Invasion of Russia✓ The Crimean War✓ The Formation of the Soviet Union✓ The Cold WarAnd much more!This eBook discusses 50 thrilling events that were the formative days of the state. It relates both the triumphant and sanguinary years, discussing each epoch in crisp yet sufficient details allowing you to thoroughly discover one of the world’s richest nations.The Kievan Rus’, Mongol invasion, Tsars Rule, Cold War, Soviet Union, the epic February Revolution— this eBook chronicles each epoch, from Prehistoric to modern Russia.

Killing Korea: The Fight for Control of Korea

How two opposing sides killed Korea in an effort to save it.You surely have heard something about the Korean War. Or the Forgotten War as some call it.But do you really know all that happened?Have you heard the personal stories from the people who actually saw or did the fighting?If you haven't, you are in for a treat.While the war was among the shortest in history, it left an invisible mark - a divided Korea. And there's a lot that led to that. It wasn't just about the UN and South Korea fighting against North Korea, China, and the Soviet Union.You will: * Learn what UN soldiers did with Chinese corpses when it got cold. * Understand Japan's role in facilitating the war. * Know the real reason China got into the war despite being very scared of America. * Know why America got stung by underequipped and underskilled Chinese fighters * Learn why Truman was saved from impeachment for firing MacAurthor. * Know why America backed an undemocratic South Korean presidentThere is a lot more you will learn in this book.Just click the download button to start reading.

Notes on Jungle Warfare: From the U. S. Marines and U. S. Army Infantry on Guadalcanal Island

This notebook is a compilation of the interviews with the US Marines and Army infantry who fought the Imperial Japanese Army on the island of Guadalcanal. Their accounts detail the lessons learned in the tactics of jungle warfare. Here's a peak inside the pages:Japanese soldiers fight with fanaticism and never surrender. We take practically no prisoners. Officers about to be taken prisoner commit suicide. The good leaders seem to get killed. The poor leaders get the men killed.Jungle warfare against the Japanese is a question of going back to the tactics of the French and Indian days, with these tactics adjusted to fit in with our modern weapons.When we move around on these jungle trails we have learned to have men at the rear of each platoon who carry light loads so they can get their weapons into action quickly to help overcome ambush fire from the rear. Put the big rugged men into the heavy weapons company.Some of our new men were so scared of our hand grenades when they were first issued that they jammed down the cotter pin. Then, later in action, they could not pull the pin!I noticed, and I pointed this out to my platoon, that when men get hit, the men close by get to yelling, “Corpsman, Corpsmen, Corpsman!” and they got so excited sometimes that they actually forget to use first—aid packets. In first—aid training teach correct use of injecting morphine and procedure of tagging, cause what you gonna do when the Corpsman gets hit?Travel light. For example, to hell with the mess equipment:We learned not to fire unless we had something to shoot at, doing otherwise discloses your position and wastes ammunition.Got used to weird noises at night. This jungle is not still at night. The land crabs and lizards make a hell of a noise rustling on leaves. And there is a bird here that sounds like a man banging two blocks of wood together. There is another bird that makes a noise like a dog barking.Practice walking quietly over rocks, twigs, grass, leaves, through vines. When I come to an opening in the jungle have to cross it, I generally run across quickly and quietly.Teach not to waste ammunition. Learn to make every shot countThe Japanese sew grass and leaves to their shirts and hats.

Six Tudor Queens: Writing a New Story

Six Tudor Queens: Writing a New Story is an introduction to the Six Tudor Queens series by eminent historian Alison Weir. The lives of Henry VIII's queens make for dramatic stories that will offer insights into the real lives of the six wives based on extensive research and new theories that will captivate fans of Philippa Gregory and readers who lost their hearts (but not their heads) to the majestic world of Wolf Hall. In all the romancing, has anyone regarded the evidence that Anne Boleyn did not love Henry VIII? Or that Prince Arthur, Katherine of Aragon's first husband, who is said to have loved her in fact cared so little for her that he willed his personal effects to his sister? Or that Henry VIII, an over-protected child and teenager, was prudish when it came to sex? That Jane Seymour, usually portrayed as Henry's one true love, had the makings of a matriarch? There is much to reveal ...

Investigating the Resurrection of Jesus Christ: A New Transdisciplinary Approach (Routledge New Critical Thinking in Religion, Theology and Biblical Studies)

This book provides an original and comprehensive assessment of the hypotheses concerning the origin of resurrection Christology. It fills a gap in the literature by addressing these issues using a transdisciplinary approach involving historical-critical study of the New Testament, theology, analytic philosophy, psychology and comparative religion.Using a novel analytic framework, this book demonstrates that a logically exhaustive list of hypotheses concerning the claims of Jesus’ post-mortem appearances and the outcome of Jesus’ body can be formulated. It addresses these hypotheses in detail, including sophisticated combinations of hallucination hypothesis with cognitive dissonance; memory distortion; and confirmation bias. Addressing writings from both within and outside of Christianity, it also demonstrates how a comparative religion approach might further illuminate the origins of Christianity.This is a thorough study of arguably the key event in the formation of the Christian faith. As such, it will be of keen interest to theologians, New Testament scholars, philosophers, and scholars of religious studies.

The History of China in 50 Events: (Opium Wars - Marco Polo - Sun Tzu - Confucius - Forbidden City - Terracotta Army - Boxer Rebellion) (History by Country Timeline Book 2)

☆ Chinese History in 50 Events ☆As one of the oldest civilizations in the world, China has a vast, rich history. In order to assist with the study of Chinese history, this book has been broken down into a series of straightforward, easy-to-read vignettes. Inside you will read about...✓ The Great Flood✓ The Great Wall is begun✓ The Terra Cotta Army is created✓ Gunpowder is invented✓ Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution ✓ Marco Polo travels to China✓ The Forbidden City is completed✓ First Opium War✓ SARS outbreakAnd much more! This book will provide in-depth insights into some of the most important events in Chinese history while providing an overall context within which these events took place. Designed as an introductory overview of Chinese history, this book is the perfect resource for those who are seeking to expand their knowledge of China and world history.

Abu Zayd al-Balkhia??s Sustenance of the Soul: the Cognitive Behavior Therapy of a Ninth Century Physician

Al-Balki explains symptoms and treatments giving advice on preventive measures and how to return the body and soul to their natural healthy state. In doing so he displays a keen understanding of the human condition and the medical nature of the human emotional state. An astonishing feat given that many of the conditions he discusses were left largely unknown and untreated for centuries before being clinically defined as such, only as relatively recently as the 20th century. A genius, his insights on human psychopathology as well as diagnoses of psychological ailments including stress, depression, fear and anxiety, phobic and obsessive-compulsive disorders, together with their treatment by cognitive behavior therapy, relate to us in every way and are in sync with modern psychology. Importantly, they also incorporate a greater dimension to include the soul and the worship of God.

Ancient Greece: From Beginning To End (Greek History - Ancient Greek - Aristotle - Socrates - Greece History - Plato - Alexander The Great - Macedonian ... Civilizations From Beginning To End Book 3)

☼ Ancient Greece ☼The foundation of democracy, the genesis of the Olympic Games, the cradle of Western thinking; the inspiration of the Renaissance—the world owes Ancient Greece a lot more than one might think.Home to humanities greatest philosophers like Socrates, Aristotle and Plato, this era is enriched with a wealth of fascinating events. Spanning over a period of seven centuries and reigning over large territories stretching as far as Southwest Asia and the entire Mediterranean, the kingdoms of Greece were able to imbue half the world with their beautiful culture, art, literature and innovative thinking. Inside you will learn about…✓ The Rise of Ancient Greece✓ Archaic Greece✓ Classical Greece✓ Hellenistic Greece✓ The Fall of Ancient Greece✓ Ten Little Known Facts about Ancient GreeceThis eBook discusses each epoch of this electrifying era from beginning to end: The Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods and the fall of Ancient Greece. Enriched with riveting details of the era, this eBook will not only edify you but also keep you entranced.

The Soul of the Indian

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Norse Mythology: Gods, Heroes and the Nine Worlds of Norse Mythology (Norse Myths - Norse Gods - Viking Mythology - Viking Gods - Thor - Loki - Odin - ... - Egyptian - Mythology Trilogy Book 2)

★ Norse Mythology ★Gods, Heroes and the Nine WorldsNorse Mythology is not only a relic of history but a fascinating record that exhibits humanities unending stream of creativity. This eBook delves into the past and emerges with a legion of breath taking accounts of events, gods, heroes, creatures, worlds and much more. Inside you will learn about…✓ Gods and Goddesses✓ The Nine Worlds✓ Heroes and Legends✓ Mythological Creatures✓ Ten Little Known Facts about Norse MythologyWhether you are a helpless fan of Norse Mythology or one of history this book will serve you in more ways than one. As the content is sourced from translations of the Old Norse literature, this will give you an authoritative insight in to the pre-Christian society of Europe.

The Holocaust

This 12-hour free course examined the Holocaust, historical arguments surrounding it, whether it is unique and why it happened as and when it did.

Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence: Civil War Memories Series

Madison & Adams Press presents the Civil War Memories Series. This meticulous selection of the firsthand accounts, memoirs and diaries is specially comprised for Civil War enthusiasts and all people curious about the personal accounts and true life stories of the unknown soldiers, the well known commanders, politicians, nurses and civilians amidst the war. "Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence" is one of the best accounts of the American Civil War written from the Confederate point of view. The book was written by Heros Von Borcke, a Prussian cavalry officer, who served in service in the cavalry of the army of Northern Virginia. He was a direct witness and a participant of many great battles of the American Civil War (Seven Pines, the Seven Days, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Brandy Station). Borcke's participation in the war ended in the early part of the Gettysburg campaign, when he was wounded.

A Smaller history of Greece From the earliest times to the Roman conquest

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

The Second World War, Vol. 3: The War at Sea (Essential Histories Book 1)

This volume provides a comprehensive guide to three major theaters of combat: the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Indian Ocean. The war at sea was a critical contest, as sea-lanes provided the logistical arteries for British and subsequent Allied armies fighting on the three continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Land forces ultimately won World War II, but the battles at sea fundamentally altered the balance of military power on the ground.

The Orthodox Jewish Bible

THE ORTHODOX JEWISH TANAKH TORAH NEVI’IM KETUVIM BOTH TESTAMENTSThe Orthodox Jewish Bible is an English language version that applies Yiddish and Hasidic cultural expressions to the Messianic Bible.

Making Sense of World History

Making Sense of World History is a comprehensive and accessible textbook that helps students understand the key themes of world history within a chronological framework stretching from ancient times to the present day.To lend coherence to its narrative, the book employs a set of organizing devices that connect times, places, and/or themes. This narrative is supported by:Flowcharts that show how phenomena within diverse broad themes interact in generating key processes and events in world history.A discussion of the common challenges faced by different types of agent, including rulers, merchants, farmers, and parents, and a comparison of how these challenges were addressed in different times and places.An exhaustive and balanced treatment of themes such as culture, politics, and economy, with an emphasis on interaction.Explicit attention to skill acquisition in organizing information, cultural sensitivity, comparison, visual literacy, integration, interrogating primary sources, and critical thinking.A focus on historical “episodes” that are carefully related to each other.Through the use of such devices, the book shows the cumulative effect of thematic interactions through time, communicates the many ways in which societies have influenced each other through history, and allows us to compare and contrast how they have reacted to similar challenges. They also allow the reader to transcend historical controversies and can be used to stimulate class discussions and guide student assignments.With a unified authorial voice and offering a narrative from the ancient to the present, this is the go-to textbook for World History courses and students.The Open Access version of this book has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

One Damned Island After Another (Illustrated): The Saga of the Seventh

Clive Howard and Joe Whitley were both sergeants and served as correspondents for the Seventh Air Force during World War 2. The men of the Seventh were forced to fly the longest missions in any theater of war, entirely over water and, at first, without fighter escort. They fought at Midway, Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Kwajalein, Eniwetok, Truk, Saipan, Palau, the Philippines, Iwo Jima, and finally Tokyo.

The Forgotten Soldier (Part 1 of 3): He wasna??t a soldier, he was just a boy

Bestselling author Charlie Connelly returns with a First World War memoir of his great uncle, Edward Connelly, who was an ordinary boy sent to fight in a war the likes of which the world had never seen.But this is not just his story; it is the story of all the young forgotten soldiers who fought and bravely died for their countryThe Forgotten Soldier tells the story of Private Edward Connelly, aged 19, killed in the First World War a week before the Armistice and immediately forgotten, even, it seems, by his own family.Edward died on exactly the same day, and as part of the same military offensive, as Wilfred Owen. They died only a few miles apart and yet there cannot be a bigger contrast between their legacies. Edward had been born into poverty in west London on the eve of the twentieth century, had a job washing railway carriages, was conscripted into the army at the age of eighteen and sent to the Western Front from where he would never return.He lies buried miles from home in a small military cemetery on the outskirts of an obscure town close to the French border in western Belgium. No-one has ever visited him.Like thousands of other young boys, Edward’s life and death were forgotten.By delving into and uncovering letters, poems and war diaries to reconstruct his great uncle’s brief life and needless death; Charlie fills in the blanks of Edward’s life with the experiences of similar young men giving a voice to the voiceless. Edward Connelly’s tragic story comes to represent all the young men who went off to the Great War and never came home.This is a book about the unsung heroes, the ordinary men who did their duty with utmost courage, and who deserve to be remembered.

Prepared: The 8 Secret Skills of an Ex-IDF Special Forces Operator That Will Keep You Safe - Basic Guide

Learn the 8 secret skills of an Ex-IDF Special Forces operator that will keep you safe and prepare you for any situation - from a street mugging all the way to a full blown global catastrophe! “Just because you’re paranoid doesn’t mean they aren’t after you.” Joseph Heller, Catch-22 This is a great start to becoming more prepared for any situation. Our world is truly strange that so many good and helpful people find themselves preyed upon by the criminal elements. In case of an emergency or a catastrophe those odds may become even worst. My name is Roy Shepard and I’m a former IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) Special Forces Operator. During my military service, I took part in countless missions behind enemy lines and later trained young cadets as a Master Sergeant. I specialize in weapons training, stealth and camouflage, and Krav-Maga. I’ve been in active reserve duty for the past 20 years and spent much of that time formulating and implementing defense strategies and drills in military bases all over Israel. Highly trained in martial arts, I specialize in Judo, Jiu-Jitsu, Aikido, and Russian Systema—with both hand-to-hand combat and melee weapon handling. I am also an expert marksman with both close-quarters and long-range weapons. The IDF is one of the most effective militaries in the world with proven strategies and tactics that have kept Israel safe for the last 70 years. The harsh reality is that Israel is a small country surrounded by hostile nations that have been intent on destroying it since it was formed in 1948. The IDF has defended Israel in eight full-out wars and fended off many incursions and terrorist attacks. The skills that I’m about to share with you are the same ones used by the IDF Special Forces Operators to stay safe in hostile situations and will allow you to do so as well. Be it fending off a mugger in a dark parking lot or surviving a post-catastrophe scenario. The reality is that we are always only moments away from danger and knowing the exact step-by-step response can be the difference between life, injury, or even death. Using the knowledge in this book you will learn how to avoid, escape, or survive numerous dangerous situations using minimal effort. The number one thing you must remember is that being efficient can save your life. If you don’t take steps to conserve your energy, you will get tired very quickly and may lose the battle. Professional fighters can hold a full combat event for a few seconds and after that they rely solely on technique to survive and accomplish the mission. This book will teach you eight of the most effective techniques to stay safe: 1. Situational awareness 2. Tactical relocation 3. Planning for emergencies 4. Survival self-defense 5. Team roles 6. Communications 7. Fitness 8. Survival tools I look forward to seeing you as part of our community at Prepper Legend and hope you enjoy this book at least as much as I enjoyed writing it. And above all else stay safe! Your friend always, Roy Shepard

Civilian Lunatic Asylums During the First World War: A Study of Austerity on London's Fringe (Mental Health in Historical Perspective)

This open access book explores the history of asylums and their civilian patients during the First World War, focusing on the effects of wartime austerity and deprivation on the provision of care. While a substantial body of literature on ‘shell shock’ exists, this study uncovers the mental wellbeing of civilians during the war. It provides the first comprehensive account of wartime asylums in London, challenging the commonly held view that changes in psychiatric care for civilians post-war were linked mainly to soldiers’ experiences and treatment. Drawing extensively on archival and published sources, this book examines the impact of medical, scientific, political, cultural and social change on civilian asylums. It compares four asylums in London, each distinct in terms of their priorities and the diversity of their patients. Revealing the histories of the 100,000 civilian patients who were institutionalised during the First World War, this book offers new insights into decision-making and prioritisation of healthcare in times of austerity, and the myriad factors which inform this.

Lonely Planet Across Asia on the Cheap

Lonely Planet Across Asia on the Cheap is a reprint of the very first Lonely Planet guide, originally published in 1973. It gives anyone interested in travel a unique insight into how Lonely Planet began and an idea of what it was like to travel overland from Europe to Asia, 40 years ago.Inside Lonely Planet Across Asia on the Cheap Introduction to the Lonely Planet story Latest eBooks Discover how far Lonely Planet's books have changed over the last 40 years Country by country get an understanding of what it was like to travel overland in the 70s... ideal for the armchair traveller eBook Features Seamlessly flip between pages Quickly find what you are looking for with search capabilities Use bookmarks to quickly return to a page Add notes by touching a word to personalize your guidebook Inbuilt dictionary allows you to quickly look up the meaning of any word Authors Written and researched by Lonely Planet, Tony and Maureen Wheeler. About Lonely Planet Lonely Planet is the world's leading travel content provider. Started in 1973, we enable curious travelers to experience the world and get to the heart of a place via guidebooks to every destination on the planet, an award-winning website, a suite of mobile and digital travel products, and a dedicated traveler community."Lonely Planet... It's on everyone's bookshelves; it's in every traveller's hands. It's on mobile phones. It's on the internet. It's everywhere, and it's telling entire generations of people how to travel the world." - Fairfax Media (Australia)

The Invasion of Europe by the Barbarians

In this book J.B. Bury gives a detailed historical review of the Migration Period, also known as Barbarian invasions in Mediterranean countries. It describes widespread process of migrations of the Germanic tribes and the Huns within or into the Europe during the decline of the Roman Empire.

Doctrine and Covenants and Church History Study Guide for Home-Study Seminary Students

This manual was written as the course curriculum for home-study seminary students. It contains writing assignments for each of the 32 units. It also contains insights, images, and doctrines and principles to help students with their individual study.

Gender and the Genocide in Rwanda: Women as Rescuers and Perpetrators (Routledge Studies in Gender and Security)

This book examines the mobilization, role, and trajectory of women rescuers and perpetrators during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. While much has been written about the victimization of women during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, very little has been said about women who rescued targeted victims or perpetrated crimes against humanity. This book explores and analyzes the role played by women who exercised agency as rescuers and as perpetrators during the genocide in Rwanda. As women, they took actions and decisions within the context of a deeply entrenched patriarchal system that limited their choices. This work examines two diverging paths of women’s agency during this period: to rescue from genocide or to perpetrate genocide. It seeks to answer three questions: First, how were certain Rwandan women mobilized to participate in genocide, and by whom? Second, what were the specific actions of women during this period of violence and upheaval? Finally, what were the trajectories of women rescuers and perpetrators after the genocide? Comparing and contrasting how women rescuers and perpetrators were mobilized, the actions they undertook, and their post-genocide trajectories, and concluding with a broader discussion of the long-term impact of ignoring these women, this book develops a more nuanced and holistic view of women’s agency and the genocide in Rwanda.This book will be of much interest to students of gender studies, genocide studies, African politics and critical security studies.

Buffalo Bill from Prairie to Palace: An Authentic History Of The Wild West - Illustrated Edition

The author of this book has attempted to present to the reader the story and triumphs of the frontier lad of nine years, from the wild Western scenes of Kansas and Nebraska, from the prairies of the Platte to the parlors of the East and the palaces of Europe.William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1846-1917) was an American scout, bison hunter, and showman. He was born in Le Claire, Iowa Territory but he lived for several years in his father's hometown in Toronto Township, Ontario, Canada, before the family returned to the Midwest and settled in the Kansas Territory.One of the most colorful figures of the American Old West, Buffalo Bill's legend began to spread when he was only twenty-three. Shortly thereafter he started performing in shows that displayed cowboy themes and episodes from the frontier and Indian Wars. He founded Buffalo Bill's Wild West in 1883, taking his large company on tours in the United States and, beginning in 1887, in Great Britain and continental Europe.

Raiders (eBook Sampler)

A free sampler of Ross Kemp's Raiders: six true stories of the most daring British operations of World War Two.This sampler contains the story of Operation Judgement; believed to be one of the most incredible raids of World War Two.The full ebook and hardback will be available on 25th October 2012.Six raids that changed the course of history.Operation Judgement: one of the most spectacular efforts of World War Two, where obsolete British biplanes attacked the Italian fleet in Taranto.Operation Archery: the first true combined operation carried out by all three British forces. THis successful raid persuaded Hitler that the Allies were planning a full scale invasion.Operation Biting: a cross-Channel raid into France that was the first major attack by the British Airborne Division and its first battle honour.Operation Gunnerside: a dramatic demolition assault on Hitler's atomic bomb plant in Norway.Operation Chariot: 'the greatest raid of all': the British amphibious attack on the Normandie dry dock at St Nazaire in German-occupied France.Operation Deadstick: the story of the first Allies into the fray on D-Day, tasked with seizing and holding two bridges to prevent an armoured German counter-attack.

Archives and Human Rights (Routledge Approaches to History)

Why and how can records serve as evidence of human rights violations, in particular crimes against humanity, and help the fight against impunity? Archives and Human Rights shows the close relationship between archives and human rights and discusses the emergence, at the international level, of the principles of the right to truth, justice and reparation.Through a historical overview and topical case studies from different regions of the world the book discusses how records can concretely support these principles. The current examples also demonstrate how the perception of the role of the archivist has undergone a metamorphosis in recent decades, towards the idea that archivists can and must play an active role in defending basic human rights, first and foremost by enabling access to documentation on human rights violations.Confronting painful memories of the past is a way to make the ghosts disappear and begin building a brighter, more serene future. The establishment of international justice mechanisms and the creation of truth commissions are important elements of this process. The healing begins with the acknowledgment that painful chapters are essential parts of history; archives then play a crucial role by providing evidence. This book is both a tool and an inspiration to use archives in defence of human rights.

The Secret Behind the Universe: Cosmology in Vedanta: The Physics Correlation

This is the e-book of the famous work 'The Secret Behind the Universe' by the same author.Exploring the secrets of the Universe as far as physics can go, and even beyond.. Along with its Vedantic integration.This book is divided into two sections. The first section is a work in physics which presents an in-depth exploration of Avyakta - the hidden metaphysical reality behind the apparent universe - through scientific study. A condensed version of this part has been published in the Prespacetime Journal Vol 7 Issue 16 on 08/01/2017, titled "Avyakta - The Fabric of Space" in which this concept is explored to complement the Standard Model and explain gravitation. This section of the book attempts to explore the role of avyakta behind various phenomena like matter waves, energy in the vacuum state, spiral arms of galaxies, dark matter, Higgs boson and virtual particles which pop out of nowhere, big bang and cosmic inflation and the anti-particle.(Prespacetime Journal (ISSN: 2153-8301), QuantumDream, Inc., P.O. Box 267, Stony Brook, NY 11790-0267, USA; is a physics journal which focuses on the origin, nature and mechanism of space-time and its possible connection to a prespacetime; and models and experimental results on elemental particles, fundamental forces including gravity and related topics.)The second section of the book presents in-depth study of cosmology as outlined in ancient Indian Philosophy, researching from the Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads. The discussions shed light on many previously unknown levels and aspects. Since God cannot be considered in physics due to lack of experimental evidence, this section is provided as a separate part!The first book of its kind, it brings the diverse fields of Science and Philosophy into face-to-face contact. It is a thrilling journey for all types of readers interested in science or Vedanta.

The American Revolution & The French Revolution

The Age of Revolution is the period from approximately 1774 to 1849 in which a number of significant revolutionary movements occurred in many parts of Europe and the Americas. The period is noted for the change in government from absolutist monarchies to constitutionalist states and republics. Two most significant events of the period were the American Revolution and the French Revolution. This edition will give you the complete insight into these events, explaining the causes, connections and consequences of these two major revolutions that changed the entire course of human history.

Language between God and the Poets: Maa??na in the Eleventh Century (Berkeley Series in Postclassical Islamic Scholarship Book 2)

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. In the Arabic eleventh-century, scholars were intensely preoccupied with the way that language generated truth and beauty. Their work in poetics, logic, theology, and lexicography defined the intellectual space between God and the poets. In Language Between God and the Poets, Alexander Key argues that ar-Raghib al-Isfahani, Ibn Furak, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), and Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani shared a conceptual vocabulary based on the words ma‘na and haqiqah. They used this vocabulary to build theories of language, mind, and reality that answered perennial questions: how to structure language and reference, how to describe God, how to construct logical arguments, and how to explain poetic affect.

Ancient Greek Literary Letters: Selections in Translation (Routledge Classical Translations)

The first referenece to letter writing occurs in the first text of western literature, Homer's Iliad. From the very beginning, Greeks were enthusiastic letter writers, and letter writing became a distinct literary genre. Letters were included in the works of historians but they also formed the basis of works of fiction, and the formal substructure for many kinds of poem. Patricia Rosenmeyer, an authority on the history of the Greek letter, assembles in this book a representative selection of such 'literary letters', from Aelian and Alciphron to Philostrartus and the supposed letters of Themistocles. The book will be valuable for all students of Greek literature especially those studying Greek (and Latin) letter.

Cities, Autonomy, and Decentralization in Japan (Routledge Contemporary Japan Series Book 7)

Adding a new perspective to the current literature on decentralization in Japan, Cities, Autonomy and Decentralization in Japan, approaches the subject from an urban studies and planning approach. The essays in the collection present a cogent compilation of case studies focusing on the past, present and future of decentralization in Japan. These include small scale development in the fields such as citizen participation (machizukuri), urban form and architecture, disaster prevention and conservation of monuments.The contributors suggest that new trends are emerging after the bursting of Japan's economic bubble and assess them in the context of the country's larger socio-political system. This in-depth analysis of the development outside of Japan provides a valuable addition to students of Urban, Asian and Japanese Studies.

Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road

This open access book discusses socio-environmental interactions in the middle to late Holocene, covering specific areas along the ancient Silk Road regions. Over twenty chapters provide insight into this topic from various disciplinary angles and perspectives, ranging from archaeology, paleoclimatology, antiquity, historical geography, agriculture, carving art and literacy. The Silk Road is a modern concept for an ancient network of trade routes that for centuries facilitated and intensified processes of cultural interaction and goods exchange between West China, Central Asia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. Coherent patterns and synchronous events in history suggest possible links between social upheaval, resource utilization and climate or environment forces along the Silk Road and in a broader area. Post-graduates in studying will benefit from this work, as well as it will stimulate young researchers to further explore the role played by the environment in long-term socio-cultural changes.

A History of the Japanese People From the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Urban Society In Roman Italy

This collection of original essays focuses upon Roman Italy where, with over 400 cities, urbanization was at the very centre of Italian civilization. Informed by an awareness of the social and anthropological issues of recent research, these contributions explore not only questions of urban origins, interaction with the countryside and economic function, but also the social use of space within the city and the nature of the development process.; These studies are aimed not only at ancient historians and classical archaeologists, but are directed towards those working in the related fields of urban studies in the Mediterranean world and elsewhere and upon the general theory of towns and complex societies.

The Arawak: History and Culture of the Natives of South America and the Caribbean Encountered by Christopher Columbus

Are you interested in Caribbean history? More specifically, in the Arawakan people? One of the indigenous tribes of the Caribbean, the Arawakans are a fascinating study in how culture and social order can be disrupted and wiped out by one historical event – the colonizers’ arrival.This account explores the Arawakan people and their culture in detail, together with an exploration of the events surrounding Christopher Columbus’s arrival and what followed – the Arawakans were forced to change their social institutions and forget Explore their culture and social institutionsDiscover who the Arawakan people wereLearn where they came fromRead in detail about the arrival of Christopher ColumbusLearn about the devastating effect Columbus’ arrival had on the ArawakSee the differences between the Arawak and the CaribInvestigate the Taino RebellionInvestigate how the Arawak genocide came aboutAnd so much more!If Caribbean history is important to you or if you are a history enthusiast in general and want to learn more about these interesting people and their cultures, then this book is for you.  Click on the buy now button to get your copy of this book today and immerse yourself in the fascinating journey of the ArawakFree Bonus Inside!

Bread and Circuses: Theories of Mass Culture As Social Decay

Lively and well written, Bread and Circuses analyzes theories that have treated mass culture as either a symptom or a cause of social decadence. Discussing many of the most influential and representative theories of mass culture, it ranges widely from Greek and Roman origins, through Marx, Nietzsche, Freud, Ortega y Gasset, T. S. Eliot, and the theorists of the Frankfurt Institute, down to Marshall McLuhan and Daniel Bell, Brantlinger considers the many versions of negative classicism and shows how the belief in the historical inevitability of social decay—a belief today perpetuated by the mass media themselves—has become the dominant view of mass culture in our time. While not defending mass culture in its present form, Brantlinger argues that the view of culture implicit in negative classicism obscures the question of how the media can best be used to help achieve freedom and enlightenment on a truly democratic basis.

Introduction to the Puritans: Memorial Edition

Introduction to the Puritans is a wonderful overview of the Puritan movement in the 1600s that has given the English-speaking world its richest depository of theological writings, with practical applications in every area of life. Part One helps us to understand the fascinating history as the British monarchy took some unpredictable turns and various factions literally fought for control of Britain’s religious life. Part Two ably illucidates the lives of the Puritans with brief summaries of 20+ Puritan leaders. These were real men whose contributions came at great personal cost to themselves and their families. Part Three shows us the importance of the Puritan legacy as it applies to important doctrinal and practical issues of our day. All Christians will benefit from knowing the Puritans. This book affords an excellent place to start.This book is a Memorial Edition which includes sections on the life and ministry of the author, Erroll Hulse, who was a pastor in the United Kingdom and exercised a far-reaching ministry through the Reformation Today magazine, and through the African Pastors' Conferences, both of which are still in operation today.

Psychiatry and Decolonisation in Uganda (Mental Health in Historical Perspective)

This open access book investigates psychiatry in Uganda during the years of decolonisation. It examines the challenges facing a new generation of psychiatrists as they took over responsibility for psychiatry at the end of empire, and explores the ways psychiatric practices were tied to shifting political and development priorities, periods of instability, and a broader context of transnational and international exchange. At its heart is a question that has concerned psychiatrists globally since the mid-twentieth century: how to bridge the social and cultural gap between psychiatry and its patients? Bringing together archival research with oral histories, Yolana Pringle traces how this question came to dominate both national and international discussions on mental health care reform, including at the World Health Organization, and helped spur a culture of experimentation and creativity globally. As Pringle shows, however, the history of psychiatry during the years of decolonisation remained one of marginality, and ultimately, in the context of war and violence, the decolonisation of psychiatry was incomplete.

The Symbolic Prophecy of the Great Pyramid (Rosicrucian Order AMORC Kindle Editions)

The world's greatest mystery and first wonder is the Great Pyramid. It stands as a monument to the learning and achievements of the ancients. For centuries its secrets were closeted in stone—now they stand revealed. Within the pages of this enlightening book are the answers to many enthralling questions—the history, vast wisdom, and prophecies of the Great Pyramid. You will be amazed at the Pyramid's scientific construction and at the tremendous knowledge of its mysterious builders.
Who built the Great Pyramid? Why were its builders inspired to reveal to posterity the events of the future? What is the path that the Great Pyramid indicates lies before mankind?

The History of Cuba in 50 Events (History by Country Timeline Book 3)

☆ Cuban History in 50 Events ☆Cuba is a nation with a long, rich history. The study of Cuban history is also the study of the development of the New World by Europe, and the first steps taken by New World countries to establish independent governments. Cuba played a significant role in the growth of the New World, and throughout its history has been a part of major world events that have taken place around it. This book is designed to familiarize readers with a broad overview of Cuban history and the context that made that development possible. Inside you will read about...✓ First Settlement of Cuba✓ Ten Years War Begins✓ Cuba Gains Independence✓ Cuba Enters World War I✓ Creation of the Cuban Socialist Party✓ Castro and Che Begin Invasion of Cuba✓ Cuban Missile Crisis✓ Former President Jimmy Carter Visits Cuba✓ Diplomatic Relations with US Re-openedAnd much more! Broken down into fifty easy-to-read chapters that will allow readers to gain insight into Cuban history without being overwhelmed by its depth, this book is a must-read for anyone seeking a better understanding of North America and its development.

Unbeaten Tracks in Japan

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

The Afterlives of the Terror: Facing the Legacies of Mass Violence in Postrevolutionary France

The Afterlives of the Terror explores how those who experienced the mass violence of the French Revolution struggled to come to terms with it. Focusing on the Reign of Terror, Ronen Steinberg challenges the presumption that its aftermath was characterized by silence and enforced collective amnesia. Instead, he shows that there were painful, complex, and sometimes surprisingly honest debates about how to deal with its legacies. As The Afterlives of the Terror shows, revolutionary leaders, victims' families, and ordinary citizens argued about accountability, retribution, redress, and commemoration. Drawing on the concept of transitional justice and the scholarship on the major traumas of the twentieth century, Steinberg explores how the French tried, but ultimately failed, to leave this difficult past behind. He argues that it was the same democratizing, radicalizing dynamic that led to the violence of the Terror, which also gave rise to an unprecedented interrogation of how society is affected by events of enormous brutality. In this sense, the modern question of what to do with difficult pasts is one of the unanticipated consequences of the eighteenth century's age of democratic revolutions.Thanks to generous funding from Michigan State University and its participation in TOME (Toward an Open Monograph Ecosystem), the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access (OA) volumes, available on the Cornell University Press website and other Open Access repositories.

Shaping Natural History and Settler Society: Mary Elizabeth Barber and the Nineteenth-Century Cape (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies)

This book explores the life and work of Mary Elizabeth Barber, a British-born settler scientist who lived in the Cape during the nineteenth century. It provides a lens into a range of subjects within the history of knowledge and science, gender and social history, postcolonial, critical heritage and archival studies. The book examines the international importance of the life and works of a marginalized scientist, the instrumentalisation of science to settlers' political concerns and reveals the pivotal but largely silenced contribution of indigenous African experts. Including a variety of material, visual and textual sources, this study explores how these artefacts are archived and displayed in museums and critically analyses their content and silences. The book traces Barber’s legacy across three continents in collections and archives, offering insights into the politics of memory and history-making. At the same time, it forges a nuanced argument, incorporating study of the North and South, the history of science and social history, and the past and the present.

Six Months at the Cape

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Origins - The Universe, Everything and Evolution (History Of Life On Earth - Mini eBook Series 1)

Origins, Everything and Evolution, has been adapted for mini eBook format for your reading enjoyment.This mini eBook contains material from A History Of Life On Earth, first published in 2012, by Bruce Alpine and is the first part of a series of adaptations by this author, designed for a quick read while travelling or relaxing.

Iberian World Empires and the Globalization of Europe 1415a??1668 (Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History)

This open access book analyses Iberian expansion by using knowledge accumulated in recent years to test some of the most important theories regarding Europe’s economic development. Adopting a comparative perspective, it considers the impact of early globalization on Iberian and Western European institutions, social development and political economies. In spite of globalization’s minor importance from the commercial perspective before 1750, this book finds its impact decisive for institutional development, political economies, and processes of state-building in Iberia and Europe.  The book engages current historiographies and revindicates the need to take the concept of composite monarchies as a point of departure in order to understand the period’s economic and social developments, analysing the institutions and societies resulting from contact with Iberian peoples in America and Asia.  The outcome is a study that nuances and contests an excessively-negative yet prevalent image of the Iberian societies, explores the difficult relationship between empires and globalization and opens paths for comparisons to other imperial formations.

Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth: Comparative Perspectives on Theory and Practice

A free open access ebook is available upon publication. Learn more at www.luminosoa.org. Multiculturalism as a distinct form of liberal-democratic governance gained widespread acceptance after World War II, but in recent years this consensus has been fractured. Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth examines cultural diversity across the postwar Commonwealth, situating modern multiculturalism in its national, international, and historical contexts. Bringing together practitioners from across the humanities and social sciences to explore the legal, political, and philosophical issues involved, these essays address common questions: What is postwar multiculturalism? Why did it come about? How have social actors responded to it? In addition to chapters on Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand, this volume also covers India, Malaysia, Nigeria, Singapore, and Trinidad, tracing the historical roots of contemporary dilemmas back to the intertwined legacies of imperialism and liberalism. In so doing it demonstrates that multiculturalism has implications that stretch far beyond its current formulations in public and academic discourse.  

Emerging States and Economies: Their Origins, Drivers, and Challenges Ahead (Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies)

This open access book asks why and how some of the developing countries have “emerged” under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their “emergence,” and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we must look squarely at the political and economic dynamics of emerging states, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, and ASEAN countries. Their rapid economic development has changed the distribution of wealth and power in the world. Yet many of them have middle income status. To global governance issues, they tend to adopt approaches that differ from those of advanced industrialized democracies. At home, rapid economic growth and social changes put pressure on their institutions to change. This volume traces the historical trajectories of two major emerging states, China and India, and two city states, Hong Kong and Singapore. It also analyzes cross-country data to find the general patterns of economic development and sociopolitical change in relation to globalization and to the middle income trap.

Britain's Imperial Cornerstone in China: The Chinese Maritime Customs Service, 1854-1949 (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia Book 36)

This is an in-depth account of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs Service, a uniquely cosmopolitan institution established in the wake of China's defeat in the Opium Wars (1842 to 43), and a central feature of the Treaty Port system.The British-dominated service was headed by the famous Robert Hart who founded a far-reaching customs administration that also encompassed other responsibilities such as marine and harbour maintenance, quarantine, anti-piracy patrols and postal services. This institution sat at a crucial juncture between Chinese and foreign interests, and was intimately linked to British interests and fortunes in the Far East. Following the establishment of the Republic in 1911 there were grave misgivings as to whether the foreign element of the Service would survive. Yet the Service grew in influence and strength, ensuring the foreign inspectorate a continued role in China's affairs. Delivering an overview of the Service, its bureaucracy, fiscal responsibilities and life for foreigners in its employ, focusing especially on the later years of the Service, Donna Brunero draws on the experiences of the foreign administration of the Service as it attempted to negotiate between Chinese and foreign expectations and interests.

Finding Jerusalem: Archaeology between Science and Ideology

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s open access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. Archaeological discoveries in Jerusalem capture worldwide attention in various media outlets. The continuing quest to discover the city’s physical remains is not simply an attempt to define Israel’s past or determine its historical legacy. In the context of the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, it is also an attempt to legitimate—or undercut—national claims to sovereignty. Bridging the ever-widening gap between popular coverage and specialized literature, Finding Jerusalem provides a comprehensive tour of the politics of archaeology in the city. Through a wide-ranging discussion of the material evidence, Katharina Galor illuminates the complex legal contexts and ethical precepts that underlie archaeological activity and the discourse of "cultural heritage" in Jerusalem. This book addresses the pressing need to disentangle historical documentation from the religious aspirations, social ambitions, and political commitments that shape its interpretation.  

Confucianism: Its Roots and Global Significance (Confucian Cultures)

“In Confucianism: Its Roots and Global Significance, English-language readers get a rare opportunity to read in a single volume the work of one of Taiwan’s most distinguished scholars. Although Ming-huei Lee has published in English before, the corpus of his non-Chinese writings is in German. Readers of this volume will soon discover the hard-mindedness and precision of thinking so associated with German philosophy as they enter into his discussions of Confucianism. As readers progress through this book, they will be constantly reminded that all philosophy should be truly comparative. . . . “The work is divided into three sections: Classical Confucianism and Its Modern Reinterpretations, Neo-Confucianism in China and Korea, and Ethics and Politics. These sections evince just some of the range of Ming-huei Lee’s thinking as well as his inclusive reach of Confucian philosophy to the whole of East Asia, especially to Korea. In the Ethics and Politics section, readers will get a taste for the return to his own tradition through the lens of Kantian philosophy with his analysis of Confucius and the virtue ethics debate in Confucian philosophical circles. Lee’s thinking through Mou Zongsan’s interpretation of Confucianism, Zhu Xi and the Huxiang scholars’ debate on ren, and the unfolding of the debates over the 'four buddings' and 'seven feelings' in Korea by Yi Toegye and Gi Gobong sets up the subsequent chapters of the book: a reconstruction of Wang Yangming’s philosophy and theories of democracy, and a critique of Jiang Qing’s 'political Confucianism.' His work in this book adds a sizable appendage to Confucian scholarship. Moreover, the interrelated ideas and arguments presented in this book are a special contribution to the Confucian project in English-speaking countries across the world.” —from the Editor’s Foreword

The Philosophy of Desire in the Buddhist Pali Canon (Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism)

David Webster explores the notion of desire as found in the Buddhist Pali Canon. Beginning by addressing the idea of a 'paradox of desire', whereby we must desire to end desire, the varieties of desire that are articulated in the Pali texts are examined. A range of views of desire, as found in Western thought, are presented as well as Hindu and Jain approaches. An exploration of the concept of ditthi(view or opinion) is also provided, exploring the way in which 'holding views' can be seen as analogous to the process of desiring. Other subjects investigated include the mind-body relationship, the range of Pali terms for desire, and desire's positive spiritual value. A comparative exploration of the various approaches completes the work.

Imperial Matter: Ancient Persia and the Archaeology of Empires

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s new open access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. What is the role of the material world in shaping the tensions and paradoxes of imperial sovereignty? Scholars have long shed light on the complex processes of conquest, extraction, and colonialism under imperial rule. But imperialism has usually been cast as an exclusively human drama, one in which the world of matter does not play an active role. Lori Khatchadourian argues instead that things—from everyday objects to monumental buildings—profoundly shape social and political life under empire. Out of the archaeology of ancient Persia and the South Caucasus, Imperial Matter advances powerful new analytical approaches to the study of imperialism writ large and should be read by scholars working on empire across the humanities and social sciences.

Knowing about Genocide: Armenian Suffering and Epistemic Struggles

A free open access ebook is available upon publication. Learn more at www.luminosoa.org. This book is freely available in an open access edition thanks to TOME (Toward an Open Monograph Ecosystem)—a collaboration of the Association of American Universities, the Association of University Presses, and the Association of Research Libraries—and the generous support of the University of Minnesota. Learn more at the TOME website, available at openmonographs.org. How do victims and perpetrators generate conflicting knowledge about genocide? Using a sociology of knowledge approach, Savelsberg answers this question for the Armenian genocide committed in the context of the First World War. Focusing on Armenians and Turks, he examines strategies of silencing, denial, and acknowledgment in everyday interaction, public rituals, law, and politics. Drawing on interviews, ethnographic accounts, documents, and eyewitness testimony, Savelsberg illuminates the social processes that drive dueling versions of history. He reveals counterproductive consequences of denial in an age of human rights hegemony, with implications for populist disinformation campaigns against overwhelming evidence.

Rethinking White Societies in Southern Africa: 1930sa??1990s (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Africa)

This book showcases new research by emerging and established scholars on white workers and the white poor in Southern Africa. Rethinking White Societies in Southern Africa challenges the geographical and chronological limitations of existing scholarship by presenting case studies from Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe that track the fortunes of nonhegemonic whites during the era of white minority rule. Arguing against prevalent understandings of white society as uniformly wealthy or culturally homogeneous during this period, it demonstrates that social class remained a salient element throughout the twentieth century, how Southern Africa’s white societies were often divided and riven with tension and how the resulting social, political and economic complexities animated white minority regimes in the region. Addressing themes such as the class-based disruption of racial norms and practices, state surveillance and interventions – and their failures – towards nonhegemonic whites, and the opportunities and limitations of physical and social mobility, the book mounts a forceful argument for the regional consideration of white societies in this historical context. Centrally, it extends the path-breaking insights emanating from scholarship on racialized class identities from North America to the African context to argue that race and class cannot be considered independently in Southern Africa. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of southern African studies, African history, and the history of race.

Music of a Thousand Years: A New History of Persian Musical Traditions

A free open access ebook is available upon publication. Learn more at www.luminosoa.org. Iran’s particular system of traditional Persian art music has been long treated as the product of an ever-evolving, ancient Persian culture. In Music of a Thousand Years, Ann E. Lucas argues that this music is a modern phenomenon indelibly tied to changing notions of Iran’s national history. Rather than considering a single Persian music history, Lucas demonstrates cultural dissimilarity and discontinuity over time, bringing to light two different notions of music-making in relation to premodern and modern musical norms. An important corrective to the history of Persian music, Music of a Thousand Years is the first work to align understandings of Middle Eastern music history with current understandings of the region’s political history.

The Two Great Retreats of History

This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Africa in International Politics: External Involvement on the Continent (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics)

Locating Africa on the global stage, this book examines and compares external involvement in the continent, exploring the foreign policies of major states and international organizations towards Africa. The contributors work within a political economy framework in order to study how these powers have attempted to stimulate democracy, peace and prosperity in the context of neo-liberal hegemony and ask whom these attempts have benefited and failed.

Contested Governance in Japan: Sites and Issues (The University of Sheffield/Routledge Japanese Studies Series)

Contested Governance in Japan extends the analysis of governance in contemporary Japan by exploring both the sites and issues of governance above and below the state as well as within it. This volume discusses the contested nature of governance in Japan and the ways in which a range of actors are involved in different sites and issues of governance at home, in the region and the globe. It includes chapters on global governance, local policy-making, democracy, environmental governance, the Japanese financial system, corruption, the family and corporate governance.

War and Genocide in South Sudan

Using more than a decade's worth of fieldwork in South Sudan, Clémence Pinaud here explores the relationship between predatory wealth accumulation, state formation, and a form of racism—extreme ethnic group entitlement—that has the potential to result in genocide. War and Genocide in South Sudan traces the rise of a predatory state during civil war in southern Sudan and its transformation into a violent Dinka ethnocracy after the region's formal independence. That new state, Pinaud argues, waged genocide against non-Dinka civilians in 2013-2017. During a civil war that wrecked the region between 1983 and 2005, the predominantly Dinka Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) practiced ethnically exclusive and predatory wealth accumulation. Its actions fostered extreme group entitlement and profoundly shaped the rebel state. Ethnic group entitlement eventually grew into an ideology of ethnic supremacy. After that war ended, the semi-autonomous state turned into a violent and predatory ethnocracy—a process accelerated by independence in 2011. The rise of exclusionary nationalism, a new security landscape, and inter-ethnic political competition contributed to the start of a new round of civil war in 2013, in which the recently founded state unleashed violence against nearly all non-Dinka ethnic groups. Pinaud investigates three campaigns waged by the South Sudan government in 2013–2017 and concludes they were genocidal—they sought to destroy non-Dinka target groups. She demonstrates how the perpetrators' sense of group entitlement culminated in land-grabs that amounted to a genocidal conquest echoing the imperialist origins of modern genocides.Thanks to generous funding from TOME, the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.

The Transformation of Urban Space in Post-Soviet Russia (BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies Book 30)

In the years since 1989, the societies of Russia and Eastern Europe have undergone a remarkable transformation from socialism to democracy and free market capitalism. Making an important contribution to the theoretical literature of urbanism and post-communist transition, this significant book considers the change in the spatial structure of post-Soviet urban spaces since the period of transition began. It argues that the era of transformation can be considered as largely complete, and that this has given way to a new stage of development as part of the global urban and economic system: post-transformation. The authors examine the modern trends in the urban development of western and post-socialist countries, and explore the theories of the transformation and post-transformation of urban space. Providing a wealth of detailed qualitative research on the Russian city of St. Petersburg, the study examines the changing structure of its retail trade and services sector. Overall, this book is an important step forward in the study of the spatial dynamics of urban transformation in the former communist world.

Promoting Heritage Language in Northwest Russia (Routledge Studies in Linguistic Anthropology Book 1)

This volume illustrates how language revival movements in Russia and elsewhere have often followed a specific pattern of literacy bias in the promotion of a minority’s heritage language, partly neglecting the social and relational aspects of orality. Using the Vepsian Renaissance as an example, this volume brings to the surface a literacy-orality dualism new to the discussion around revival movements. In addition to the more-theoretically oriented scopes, this book addresses all the actors involved in revival movements including activists, scholars and policy-makers, and opens a discussion on literacy and orality, and power and agency in the multiple relational aspects of written and oral practices. This study addresses issues common to language revival movements worldwide and will appeal to researchers of linguistic anthropology, sociolinguistics, education and language policy, and culture studies.

Stalina??s Constitution: Soviet Participatory Politics and the Discussion of the 1936 Draft Constitution (Routledge Studies in Modern European History)

Upon its adoption in December 1936, Soviet leaders hailed the new so-called Stalin Constitution as the most democratic in the world. Scholars have long scoffed at this claim, noting that the mass repression of 1937–1938 that followed rendered it a hollow document. This study does not address these competing claims, but rather focuses on the six-month long popular discussion of the draft Constitution, which preceded its formal adoption in December 1936. Drawing on rich archival sources, this book uses the discussion of the draft 1936 Constitution to examine discourse between the central state leadership and citizens about the new Soviet social contract, which delineated the roles the state and citizens should play in developing socialism. For the central leadership, mobilizing its citizenry in a variety of state building campaigns was the main goal of the discussion of the draft Constitution. However, the goals of the central leadership at times stood in stark contrast with the people’s expressed interpretation of that social contract. Citizens of the USSR focused on securing rights and privileges, often related to improving their daily lives, from the central government.The Open Access version of this book, available at https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315194004, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

European Socialist Regimes' Fateful Engagement with the West: National Strategies in the Long 1970s (Cold War History)

This edited volume analyses European socialist countries’ strategy of engagement with the West and the European Economic Community in the long 1970s.The book focuses on a time when the socialist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe banked their hopes for prosperity and stability on enhanced relations with the West. Crossing the traditional differences among diverse fields of historiography, it assesses the complex influence of European and global processes of transformation on the socialist elites’ reading of the international political and economic environment and their consequent decision-making. The volume also explores the debate in each country among and within the elites involved in policymaking as they elaborated this strategic view and coped with shortcomings and unexpected turns. A comparative analysis of national cases shows a shared logic and common patterns, together with national variations and a plurality of views on the desirability of exchanges with their capitalist neighbours and on the ways to promote them. The multinational coverage of seven countries makes this volume a starting point for anyone interested in each socialist state’s foreign policy, intra-bloc relations, economic strategy, transformation and collapse, relations with the European Community and access to the EU.This book will be of much interest to students and researchers of Cold War Studies, European history, and International Relations. The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.routledge.com/European-Socialist-Regimes-Fateful-Engagement-with-the-West-National-Strategies/Romano-Romero/p/book/9780367356170, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Corporate Policing, Yellow Unionism, and Strikebreaking, 1890-1930: In Defence of Freedom (Routledge Studies in Modern History)

This book provides a comparative and transnational examination of the complex and multifaceted experiences of anti-labour mobilisation, from the bitter social conflicts of the pre-war period, through the epochal tremors of war and revolution, and the violent spasms of the 1920s and 1930s.It retraces the formation of an extensive market for corporate policing, privately contracted security and yellow unionism, as well as processes of professionalisation in strikebreaking activities, labour espionage and surveillance. It reconstructs the diverse spectrum of right-wing patriotic leagues and vigilante corps which, in support or in competition with law enforcement agencies, sought to counter the dual dangers of industrial militancy and revolutionary situations. Although considerable research has been done on the rise of socialist parties and trade unions the repressive policies of their opponents have been generally left unexamined. This book fills this gap by reconstructing the methods and strategies used by state authorities and employers to counter outbreaks of labour militancy on a global scale. It adopts a long-term chronology that sheds light on the shocks and strains that marked industrial societies during their turbulent transition into mass politics from the bitter social conflicts of the pre-war period, through the epochal tremors of war and revolution, and the violent spasms of the 1920s and 1930s.Offering a new angle of vision to examine the violent transition to mass politics in industrial societies, this is of great interest to scholars of policing, unionism and striking in the modern era.

The Assyrian Empire: Explore the Thrilling History of the Assyrians and their Fearful Empire in the Ancient Mesopotamia

Explore the Intense History of the Assyrians.The ancient masters of war and conquest became the most powerful force in the Near East thousands of years ago. One of the first empires in world history. The Assyrians rose to power through the strength of its sophisticated military. The creation of the professional soldier, advanced iron weapons technology, and siege warfare tactics made the Assyrians the strongest fighting force in the ancient world. Babylonians, Israelites, Egyptians, and many others fell in battle to the might of the powerful Assyrians.It took more than the strongest military in the world to become the most dominant nation humanity had ever seen. The rise of Assyrian power was in large part due to the vision and ambition of several vicious warrior kings. Names like Tiglath-Pileser I, Sennacherib, Sargon II, and Ashurbanipal made the inhabitants of the region shudder in fear. The great Assyrian kings of the ancient world were worshipped by loyal subjects and feared by enemies. You will meet all the Assyrian kings who left an incredible mark behind and have been remembered for centuries. Take a journey back in time to ancient Mesopotamia to find out how the Assyrian civilization grew from a wealthy city-state to the largest empire known to man in the ancient world. Cities such as Ashur, Nineveh, and Nimrud were some of the most spectacular to behold with ziggurats soaring to the heavens. The architectural, literary, and scientific contributions by this breathtaking civilization rival other famous groups from this time period in history. Ever since the discovery of Ashurbanipal’s mystical library in the 19th century, scholars have been fascinated by ancient Mesopotamian culture. What Amazon readers are saying:★★★★★ 'Many things that I did not understand well while reading Bible, became crystal clear after reading this book'★★★★★ 'Great book!'★★★★★ 'This book brings to life the kings and eras that made her one of the greatest and most feared nations of history.'Get your copy now! Find out what artifacts were unearthed and more to gain incredible insight into the rise and fall of this massive empire.

The Complexity of Evil: Perpetration and Genocide (Genocide, Political Violence, Human Rights)

Why do people participate in genocide? The Complexity of Evil responds to this fundamental question by drawing on political science, sociology, criminology, anthropology, social psychology, and history to develop a model which can explain perpetration across various different cases. Focusing in particular on the Holocaust, the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, and the Khmer Rouge genocide in Cambodia, The Complexity of Evil model draws on, systematically sorts, and causally orders a wealth of scholarly literature and supplements it with original field research data from interviews with former members of the Khmer Rouge. The model is systematic and abstract, as well as empirically grounded, providing a tool for understanding the micro-foundations of various cases of genocide. Ultimately this model highlights that the motivations for perpetrating genocide are both complex in their diversity and banal in their ordinariness and mundanity. 

Proletarian Peasants: The Revolution of 1905 in Russia's Southwest

In this book, conceived and written for the general reader as well as the specialist, Robert Edelman uses a case study of peasant behavior during a particular revolutionary situation to make an important contribution to one of the major debates in contemporary peasant studies. Edelman's subject is the peasantry of the right-bank Ukraine, and he uses local and regional archives seldom available to Western scholars to give a detailed picture of the ways in which the inhabitants of one of Russia’s most advanced agrarian regions expressed their discontent during the years 1905–1907. By the 1890s, the landlords of Russia’s Southwest had organized a highly successful capitalist form of agriculture, and Edelman demonstrates that their peasants responded to these dramatic economic changes by adopting many of the forms of political and social behavior generally associated with urban proletarians.

The Outback Calls You Back

One man's journey into Outback Australia rekindles distant memories. Forty two years earlier in 1976, the land was harsh and unforgiving, in 2018 he finds that not much has changed, the land is still harsh and unforgiving, some towns have grown while others have become a ghost of their past. This is the true story of a camping trip to the outback that didn't go according to plan. 

Global History and New Polycentric Approaches: Europe, Asia and the Americas in a World Network System (Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History)

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. Rethinking the ways global history is envisioned and conceptualized in diverse countries such as China, Japan, Mexico or Spain, this collections considers how global issues are connected with our local and national communities. It examines how the discipline had evolved in various historiographies, from Anglo Saxon to southern European, and its emergence in Asia with the rapid development of the Chinese economy motivation to legitimate the current uniqueness of the history and economy of the nation. It contributes to the revitalization of the field of global history in Chinese historiography, which have been dominated by national narratives and promotes a debate to open new venues in which important features such as scholarly mobility, diversity and internationalization are firmly rooted, putting aside national specificities. Dealing with new approaches on the use of empirical data by framing the proper questions and hypotheses and connecting western and eastern sources, this text opens a new forum of discussion on how global history has penetrated in western and eastern historiographies, moving the pivotal axis of analysis from national perspectives to open new venues of global history.

Narrating China's Governance: Stories in Xi Jinping's Speeches

This open access book captures and elaborates on the skill of storytelling as one of the distinct leadership features of Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and the President of the People’s Republic of China. It gathers the stories included in Xi’s speeches on various occasions, where they conveyed the essence of China’s history and culture, its reform and development, and the principles of China’s participating in global governance and cooperating with other countries to build a community of common destiny. The respective stories not only convey abstract and profound concepts of governance in comparatively straightforward language, but also create an immediate emotional connection between the narrator and the listener.In addition to the original stories, extensive additional materials are provided to convey the original context in which each was told, including when and to whom Xi told it, helping readers attain a deeper, intuitive understanding of their relevance.

Woman between Two Kingdoms: Dara Rasami and the Making of Modern Thailand

Woman Between Two Kingdoms explores the story of Dara Rasami, one of 153 wives of King Chulalongkorn of Siam in Thailand during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Born in a kingdom near Siam called Lan Na, Dara served as both hostage and diplomat for her family and nation. Thought of as a "harem" by the West, Siam's Inner Palace actually formed a nexus between the domestic and the political. Dara's role as an ethnic "other" among the royal concubines assisted the Siamese in both consolidating the kingdom's territory and building a local version of Europe's hierarchy of civilizations. Dara Rasami's story provides a fresh perspective on both the socio-political roles played by Siamese palace women, and how Siam responded to the intense imperialist pressures it faced in the late nineteenth century.

An Historical Geography of Tourism in Victoria, Australia: Case Studies

This work is concerned with the emergence of tourism in colonial Victoria, Australia, and is part of ongoing research into understanding the ‘tourism era of discovery’. It deals with the processes of opening up new attractions and its focus is the embryonic or emergent phase in which natural attractions become the subject of tourist visitation. It is contextualized in the study of eight tourism sites that are the primary focus of this work.

Remembrance of Pacific Pasts: An Invitation to Remake History

How does one describe the Pacific's pasts? The easy confidence historians once had in writing about the region has disappeared in the turmoil surrounding today's politics of representation. Earlier narratives that focused on what happened when are now accused of encouraging myths of progress. Remembrance of Pacific Pasts takes a different course. It acknowledges history's multiplicity and selectivity, its inability to represent the past in its entirety "as it really was" and instead offers points of reference for thinking with and about the region's pasts. It encourages readers to participate in the historical process by constructing alternative histories that draw on the volume's chapters.The book's thirty-four contributions, written by a range of authors spanning a variety of styles and disciplines, are organized into four sections. The first presents frames of reference for analyzing the problems, poetics, and politics involved in addressing the region's pasts today. The second considers early Islander-Western contact focusing on how each side sought to physically and symbolically control the other. The third deals with the colonial dynamics of the region: the "tensions of empire" that permeated imperial rule in the Pacific. The fourth explores the region's postcolonial politics through a discussion of the varied ways independence and dependence overlap today.Remembrance of Pacific Pasts includes many of the region's most distinguished authors such as Albert Wendt, Greg Dening, Epeli Hau'ofa, Marshall Sahlins, Patricia Grace, and Nicholas Thomas. In addition, it features chapters by well-known writers from outside Pacific Studies -- Edward Said, James Clifford, Richard White,and Gyan Prakash -- which help place the region's dynamics in comparative perspective. By moving Pacific history beyond traditional, empirical narratives to new ways for conversing about history, by drawing on current debates surrounding the politics of representation to offer different ways for thinking about the region's pasts, this work has relevance for students and scholars of history, anthropology, and cultural studies both within and beyond the region.

From Victory to Peace: Russian Diplomacy after Napoleon (NIU Series in Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies)

In From Victory to Peace, Elise Kimerling Wirtschafter brings the Russian perspective to a critical moment in European political history. This history of Russian diplomatic thought in the years after the Congress of Vienna concerns a time when Russia and Emperor Alexander I were fully integrated into European society and politics. Wirtschafter looks at how Russia's statesmen who served Alexander I across Europe, in South America, and in Constantinople represented the Russian monarch's foreign policy and sought to act in concert with the allies.Based on archival and published sources—diplomatic communications, conference protocols, personal letters, treaty agreements, and the periodical press—this book illustrates how Russia's policymakers and diplomats responded to events on the ground as the process of implementing peace unfolded.Thanks to generous funding from the Sustainable History Monograph Pilot and the Mellon Foundation the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access (OA) volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other Open Access repositories.

Computational Approaches to the Study of Movement in Archaeology: Theory, Practice and Interpretation of Factors and Effects of Long Term Landscape Formation ... a?? Berliner Studien der Alten Welt Bo

The archaeological study of movement and of its related patterns and features has been transformed by the use of GIS. Path analysis has become a very popular approach to the study of settlement and land-use dynamics in landscape archaeology. This volume addresses theoretical, technical and interpretative issuesand presents case studies. A final synthetic paper aims to review the contents and to set the pace for the current methodological debate.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 2: The Movement (Economy and Social Inclusion)

This open access book contains the oral histories that were inspired by the work of the Special Olympics in conjunction with the 50th anniversary of its founding. The foreword and prefatory materials provide an overview of the Special Olympics and its growth in the People’s Republic of China. The sections that follow record interview transcripts of individuals with intellectual disabilities living in Shanghai. In addition to chronicling the involvement of these individuals and their families in the Special Olympics movement, the interview transcripts also capture their daily lives and how they have navigated school and work.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 3: Finding and Keeping a Job (Economy and Social Inclusion)

This open access book brings together oral histories that record the experiences of individuals with intellectual disabilities in Shanghai as they participate in their careers. Employees with intellectual disabilities describe their experiences seeking, attaining, and maintaining employment. Their managers, colleagues, and family members also provide keen insight into the challenges and opportunities these individuals have encountered in the process of securing employment. An appendix provides a compilation of employment policies related to people with intellectual disabilities, particularly with respect to Shanghai.

Socialism and Legal History: The Histories and Historians of Law in Socialist East Central Europe (Routledge Research in Legal History)

This book focuses on the way in which legal historians and legal scientists used the past to legitimize, challenge, explain and familiarize the socialist legal orders, which were backed by dictatorial governments. The volume studies legal historians and legal histories written in Eastern European countries during the socialist era after the Second World War. The book investigates whether there was a unified form of socialist legal historiography, and if so, what can be said of its common features. The individual chapters of this volume concentrate on the regimes that situate between the Russian, and later Soviet, legal culture and the area covered by the German Civil Code. Hence, the geographical focus of the book is on East Germany, Russia, the Baltic states, Poland and Hungary. The approach is transnational, focusing on the interaction and intertwinement of the then hegemonic communist ideology and the ideas of law and justice, as they appeared in the writings of legal historians of the socialist legal orders. Such an angle enables concentration on the dynamics between politics and law as well as identities and legal history. Studying the socialist interpretations of legal history reveals the ways in which the 20th century legal scholars, situated between legal renewal and political guidance gave legitimacy to, struggled to come to terms with, and sketched the future of the socialist legal orders.The book will be a valuable resource for academics and researchers working in the areas of Legal History, Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law and European Studies.

The Chaldean Account Of Genesis (Illustrated Edition)

The Chaldean Account Of Genesis presents the turning point in revealing the history of our civilization. As the missing piece of the puzzle and the proof we needed, this is one of the most important archeological discoveries emerged from the ashes of Nineveh Library. Among many others – the crucial accounts are: the first print appearance of the Gilgamesh, the Descent of Ishtar and the account of the Flood. Contents:The Discovery of the Genesis LegendsBabylonian and Assyrian LiteratureChaldean Legends Transmitted Through Berosus and Other Ancient AuthorsBabylonian MythologyBabylonian Legend of the CreationOther Babylonian Accounts of the CreationThe Sin of the God ZuThe Exploits of LubaraBabylonian FablesFragments of Miscellaneous TextsThe Izdubar LegendsMeeting of Heabani and IzdubarDestruction of the Tyrant HumbabaThe Adventures of IshtarIllness and Wanderings of IzdubarThe Story of the Flood and Conclusion

Anskar

The Life of Anskar, written by his companion and successor Bishop Rimbert, which we have here translated, contains nearly all that is known of his life and work. A brief summary of what is told us by Bishop Rimbert, supplemented by the information that can be derived from other sources, will serve as an introduction to a study of his work.

You Can Memorize All The States And Capitals In The USA

Have you always wanted to memorize all the states and capitals in the USA? Have you ever tried to? If so, did you end up in a state of despair? Probably! For it’s an understatement to say that memorizing all the states and capitals is a tall order. But you can do it! And that’s no overstatement! You just need a little help. And believe it or not, in YOU CAN MEMORIZE ALL THE STATES AND CAPITALS IN THE USA, you’ll find the help that you need in two fun poems. That’s right! And they rhyme to boot! Along with the poems, there are fun quizzes as well. So if you’re ready to learn the lay of the land by heart, the way is all mapped out for you!

World War 1: A History From Beginning to End

World War IWorld War One was one of the bloodiest wars in modern history. At its end, it had claimed over seventeen million lives. It led to the collapse of nations, the abdication of monarchies and ended empires. Entire divisions of men perished in the pursuit of mere miles of uninhabitable wasteland––towns were pulverized and millions displaced. It became a horrendous war of attrition, each side competing to kill as many of their foe as possible. Inside you will read about...✓ 1914 - Blood Is Spilled✓ 1915 - The Dawn Of The Industrialized War✓ 1916 - Unrelenting Bloodshed✓ 1917 - Revolution, Revelation and Catastrophe✓ 1918 - The Great War At An EndIt became the first industrialized war in history and introduced revolutionary technology into the fray. The Airplane, the Tank and the Machine Gun first saw action collectively during the conflict. It was also the first war in which poison gas was used to choke young men out of their trenches. This book is a timeline account of the important events that shaped the First World War. It details the events and causes that led the world to war. This book covers the milestone moments, important battles, and how the outcome changed the world forever.

The Kensington Chronicles

Kensington is a North Philadelphia neighborhood which established itself as a premier manufacturing center in the nineteenth century. Its textile mills provided work for legions of immigrant workers from Europe, particularly from Ireland and Germany. Anti-immigrant sentiment, fueled by a virulent anti-Catholic bias, sparked the infamous Nativist riots, aka the Bible riots, in Kensington in 1844. Tensions persisted throughout the twentieth century as unemployment and white flight followed in the wake of deindustrialization. This book is structured around a walk through the working class neighborhood of Kensington by one who grew up there during the decade of the 1950's and 1960's, as the neighborhood was transitioning to its post-industrial manifestation. The book is part-memoir as the author presents a portrait of the neighborhood as the descendants of the original immigrant families coped with the social, economic, and religious challenges of the twentieth century. The book also moves beyond living memory, going into Kensington's past as a means to make sense of how the neighborhood has negotiated conflicts related to immigration, race, religion, and class. Making sense of Kensington implicates a cast of characters which includes Henry David Thoreau, Babe Ruth, Saint John Neumann, Don Quixote, and Mother Jones, among others. It just does.