Scientific, Technical & Medical Medicine & Nursing Books

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions (Life Course Research and Social Policies)

This book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time. The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations. Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Tuberculosis in Adults and Children (SpringerBriefs in Public Health)

This work contains updated and clinically relevant information about tuberculosis. It is aimed at providing a succinct overview of history and disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and the most recent scientific developments in the field of tuberculosis research, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. It may serve as a practical resource for students, clinicians and researchers who work in the field of infectious diseases.

Down's Syndrome

Health problems that are characteristic to Down syndrome (DS) should be identified early (particularly congenital heart anomalies, vision and hearing impairment, hypothyroidism and coeliac disease). The monitoring and treatment of DS is the responsibility of the primary health care. Support services for intellectual and developmental disabilities should only be involved when specialist expertise is needed, e.g. for rehabilitation purposes.

Gilbert's Syndrome

This common disorder presenting as asymptomatic jaundice should be identified and unnecessary examinations and referrals avoided.

Blood Gas Analysis and Acid-base Balance

The blood specimen should be examined as soon as possible after sampling

Dental Traumas

An avulsed permanent tooth should be replanted if the tooth is intact and alveolar socket is uninjured. Even if replantation later fails, it improves the outcome of a later implantation and postpones the the need of prosthetic replacement of the tooth. An avulsed primary tooth should never be replanted so as not to damage the developing permanent tooth underneath.

Clinical Neurophysiology in Diagnostics

Clinical neurophysiology is a branch of medicine concerned with the measurement of the electrical activity of the central nervous system, peripheral nerves and muscles. The measurements of electrical activity are usually sensitive but, as far as the aetiology of the lesion is concerned, non-specific. The investigations are labour-intensive, and they are consultations by nature. Some of the investigations are uncomfortable for the patient. Neurophysiological investigations are therefore not suitable for screening purposes.