Science & Nature History & Philosophy Books

Melting Hadrons, Boiling Quarks - From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at CERN: With a Tribute to Rolf Hagedorn

This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma -- announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamas Biro, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gazdzicki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, Istvan Montvay, Berndt Muller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and to the rise of the experimental relativistic heavy ion collision program. These parts contain previously unpublished material authored by Hagedorn and Rafelski: conference retrospectives, research notes, workshop reports, in some instances abbreviated to avoid duplication of material, and rounded off with the editor's explanatory notes. About the editor: Johann Rafelski is a theoretical physicist working at The University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. Bor n in 1950 in Krakow, Poland, he received his Ph.D. with Walter Greiner in Frankfurt, Germany in 1973. Rafelski arrived at CERN in 1977, where in a joint effort with Hagedorn he contributed greatly to the establishment of the relativistic heavy ion collision, and quark-gluon plasma research fields. Moving on, with stops in Frankfurt and Cape Town, to Arizona, he invented and developed the strangeness quark flavor as the signature of quark-gluon plasma.

Social Theory of Fear: Terror, Torture, and Death in a Post-Capitalist World

Elites rely on fear to keep and expand their privileges and control the masses. In the current crisis of the capitalist world system, elites in the United States, along with other central countries, promote fear of crime and terrorism. This book offers an analysis of the crisis and strategies for rebellion.

Stress in Post-War Britain (Studies for the Society for the Social History of Medicine)

In the years following World War II the health and well-being of the nation was of primary concern to the British government. The essays in this collection examine the relationship between health and stress in post-war Britain through a series of carefully connected case studies.

Making Medicines in Africa: The Political Economy of Industrializing for Local Health (International Political Economy Series)

This book is open access under a CC-BY license. The importance of the pharmaceutical industry in Sub-Saharan Africa, its claim to policy priority, is rooted in the vast unmet health needs of the sub-continent. Making Medicines in Africa is a collective endeavour, by a group of contributors with a strong African and more broadly Southern presence, to find ways to link technological development, investment and industrial growth in pharmaceuticals to improve access to essential good quality medicines, as part of moving towards universal access to competent health care in Africa. The authors aim to shift the emphasis in international debate and initiatives towards sustained Africa-based and African-led initiatives to tackle this huge challenge. Without the technological, industrial, intellectual, organisational and research-related capabilities associated with competent pharmaceutical production, and without policies that pull the industrial sectors towards serving local health needs, the African sub-continent cannot generate the resources to tackle its populations' needs and demands. Research for this book has been selected as one of the 20 best examples of the impact of UK research on development. See for further details.

Health, disease and society: Scottish influence in the 19th century

This 10-hour free course explored the Scottish contribution to developments in healthcare during the nineteenth century.

The purpose of philosophy and of humans? Discussions on the history and metaphysics of philosophy

The purpose of philosophy and of humans? Discussions on the history and metaphysics of philosophy

by Hearts and Minds Media

These pages are a collection of my studies on history and metaphysics of philosophy as a post-grad student with amendments and alterations to better reflect my journey through these areas to discuss the purpose of philosophy and of man as a thinking being.

I hope you enjoy and it stimulates interest in these fundaments areas of philosophy

'According to Plato, what is the task of a philosopher?'

Descartes argues in the sixth meditation that there is a real distinction between mind and body. What does this mean? Do the arguments and examples used prove this exists?

'Gassendi disagrees with Descartes' theory of the soul as immaterial. How does he arrive at this position and how far do you agree with his arguments?' Discuss the theory of the soul as immaterial and Gassendi's position and then the argument

The history of medicine: A Scottish perspective

This 10-hour free course explored the influences on Scottish healthcare institutions in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Medicine transformed: On access to healthcare

This 15-hour free course explored inequalities in healthcare in the early twentieth century, in terms of both quality of care and access to services.

The Dead Media Notebook: 20th Anniversary Edition


"Mutant media par excellence -- part steampunk abstraction, part Dada art project, part random-access database, and part historico-technical archive. Long live dead media." Sean Matharoo, Science Fiction Studies Issue 128, March 2016

"An excellent resource for scholars and artists working across a wide spectrum of disciplines.... any one of these remarkable notes could be further developed or augmented, and the contributors have done a commendable job peppering their entries with secondary sources for future research. There is absolutely no reason not to download this timely compendium" Sean Matharoo, Science Fiction Studies Issue 128, March 2016

About this book

From Pigeon Post to Magic Lanterns to the Talking View-Master, this book is a compendium of dead and forgotten media formats.

In 1995, Bruce Sterling issued a challenge; "I'll personally offer a CRISP FIFTY-DOLLAR BILL for the first guy, gal, or combination thereof to write and publish THE DEAD MEDIA HANDBOOK."

The handbook would be "a book about media that have died on the barbed wire of technological advance, media that didn't make it, martyred media, dead media... a rich, witty, insightful, profusely illustrated, perfect bound, acid-free-paper coffee-table book... by some really with-it, cutting-edge early-21st century publisher. The kind of book that will appear in seventeen different sections of your local chain store: Political Affairs, Postmodern Theory, Computer Science, Popular Mechanics, Design Studies, the coffee table art book section, the remainder table."

Bruce appealed for help collecting stories and notes about dead media, and over the next five years, notes and suggestions accumulated at

But the book never happened. The website has survived, gradually succumbing to link-rot as the Internet evolved and grew around it.

Twenty years later, Bruce's idea is more relevant than ever. As Benedict Evans said "For the first time ever, the tech industry is selling not just to big corporations or middle-class families but to four fifths of all the adults on earth - it is selling to people who don't have mains electricity or running water and substitute spending on cigarettes for mobile."

This collection is not The Dead Media Handbook. It is a lightly edited collection of those nearly 500 notes and contributions. Inside, you'll find lists of early mainframe computers, speculations about the multi-dimensional mental images created by Peruvian knotted-string books, details of Timothy Leary's experiential typewriter and a lengthy analysis of the Viewmaster and it's competitors.